distort

dis-tort(twist)

v.扭曲 [To twist out of a proper or natural relation of parts]

v.曲解  [To give a false or misleading account of; misrepresent.]

ex. The media distorts reality

 

review
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contort  v.扭曲 v.曲解 [to twist, bend; distort]

 

distort    v.歪曲

 

 

torture   n.拷打,酷刑

 

 

extort     v.敲詐;勒索

retort     v.反駁,回嘴說


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distract

dis-tract(draw)

v. 使分心 [ to draw away or divert, as the mind or attention]

ex. The music distracted him from his work.

 

ps.

detract v.誹謗;貶抑 [belittling the reputation or worth of a person, work, etc.]

distract v. 使分心

 

distracted

dis-tract-ed

adj.思想不集中的

 

 

distraught

(ps.這個字來源就是distract)

adj. 幾乎要發狂的 [mentally deranged; crazed.]

ex. She was distraught with worry.

adj. 心煩意亂的;極煩惱的 [distracted; deeply agitated.]

 

troubled:distraught
為難的:心煩意亂的

 

字源:Middle English, alteration of distract , past participle of distracten , to distract


 

 

distress

dis(加強)-stress

n/v.悲痛,憂傷  [great pain, anxiety, or sorrow; acute physical or mental suffering]

ex. Jealousy causes distress and painful emotions.

n.貧困 or 不幸 (引起痛苦或悲痛的事物)

n.危難 [the state of being in extreme danger and needing urgent help]

ex. the ship is in distress.

 

 

district

dis-strict(draw tight)

n.轄區,行政區 [a division of territory, as of a country]

 

ex. Shih-Lin District = 士林區

ex. Red light district

 

ps. strict adj.嚴格的

 

字源:1611, from Fr. district, from M.L. districtus "restraining of offenders, jurisdiction," then under the feudal system "area of jurisdiction," from pp. stem of L. distringere "hinder, detain"

M.L districtus -> Fr. district -> district

最原始的意思是"約束罪犯", "司法"

後來在封建制度下,變成了一個區域的司法

dis-strict 的strict字根之意有"壓抑","扣留"之意

就是draw tight

 

 

distribute

dis-tribut(bestow)-e

v.分發;分配

ex. They had distributed the lands among the farmers.

v.分佈

ex. This species of butterfly is widely distributed over our country.

 

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字根tribut == bestow 贈與

 

tribute         n. 讚辭 [給予仰慕之詞 ]

 

tribulation   n.苦難 [great trouble or suffering]

retribution     n.報應;懲罰

 

 

tribunal        n.特別法庭  (ex.審判二次大戰的戰犯)

 

attribute     v.把...歸於  n.屬性

contribute     v.貢獻

 

distribute      v.分發

redistribution    n.重新分配

 

tributary   adj.進貢的、支流的    n.進貢國

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ditty

n.簡單的歌,短的歌 [A simple song. ]

"Ditty for Daddy"

 

 

diurnal

di(day)-urn-al

adj.白天的 [ happening or active during the daytime.]

ex. diurnal animals.

ex. Kangaroos are diurnal animals.

 

ps.

di-ary  n.日記

di-al    n.日晷  n.電話機的撥號盤  v.撥電話

 

nocturnal

noct(night)-urn-al

adj.夜間發生的

adj.夜間活動的

 

 

 

 

diva

n. 歌劇的女主唱者 [ a successful and famous female opera singer]

 

ps. from L. diva "goddess," fem. of divus "divine (one)."

 

"Diva Opera"--第五元素

 

 

 

diver

dive(v.跳水、潛水)-er

n.潛水者

 

cavern:spelunker=ocean:diver
洞穴探險者鑽入洞穴=潛水者鑽入海洋

 

 

diverge

di-verg(incline )-e

v.分歧;分叉

ex. The road diverges ahead.

v.發散

 

divergent

di-verg(incline )-ent

adj.分歧的;發散的

ex. Two people who have divergent views on this question

 

 

 

 

ps.

下頁要講的

字根vers vert是 turn

 

這邊的

verg 是incline的意思

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

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