absenteeism

absent-ee-ism

n. 曠課;曠工 [frequent or habitual absence from work, school, etc.: rising absenteeism in the industry.]

 

 

 

 

absentee

n. [a person who is absent, esp. from work or school.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

absolute & absolve

absolute

adj.完全的

  ex.His story was an absolute lie.

adj.無條件的

  考古:absolute <> qualified   無條件的 <> 有限制的

 

 

 

 

absolve

v.使免除(責任,義務等)[(+from/of)] [to free from guilt or blame or their consequences]

  ex. The court absolved her of guilt in his death.

  absolve <>inculpate  治罪 

  absolve <>indict 起訴

 

 

 

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字根solv   solut(較怪)是loosen的意思   (also see p.157 or p.268)
      solu

 

solve          v.解決、溶解

solu-ble     adj.可解決的、可溶解的

solv-able    adj.可解決的、可溶解的

 

solu-tion      n.解決方法、溶解

 

solute     n.溶質

solvent    n.溶劑  adj.有償還能力的

 

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absolve        v.開脫某人的罪責、宣佈赦罪  [ab-(遠) + solv(loosen)]

absolu-tion    n.宣佈赦罪

 

ab-solut-e   adj.絕對的

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dissolve        v.溶解

dissoluble    adj.可溶解的

 

dis-solut-e     adj.放蕩的

 

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resolve          v.決定、  解決    (=solve)

resolvable     adj.      可解決的  (=solvable)

resolution       n.決心、  解決    (=solution)

 

resolute      adj.堅決的[determined]

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absorb

v.吸收

  <> exude流出

  <> dissipate驅散

  <> reflect反射

 

 

 

 

 

 

abstain & abstention, abstentious

abstain

v.戒;避免 [to hold oneself back voluntarily, esp. from something regarded as improper or unhealthy (usually fol. by from)]

  ex. to abstain from eating meat.

 

abs(=ab) + tain (hold)

 

 

 

**字根 (more detail see p.44)

ten  --> tin     tain  === hold 、keep

tent     tinu

 

 

**abs-系列

abstain  

v.禁絕

something you want to do, but you deliberately don't do it
ex. sex or drink
[ab-(away from) + hold]

        
       
abstention   n.禁絕 = abstinence
    n.棄權  neither vote nor against a proposal
       
abstinence  

n.禁絕

 Abstinence is the practice of abstaining from something such
as alcoholic drink or sex, often for health or religious reasons.

 

 

 

 

 

abstemious

abs-tem(酒)-ious

adj.有節制的 [Someone who is abstemious avoids doing too much of something enjoyable such as eating or drinking.]

adj.簡樸的;節省的

  ex. Eating and drinking in moderation.

 考古:abstemious <> indulgent   節制的<> 放縱的

 

這樣就太過節制了 ~~

 

 

 

 

 

abstract

abs-, ab-, away;  + trahere, to draw.

adj. 抽象的

v. 抽取,提取

n. 概要

 

Kandinsky的作品 On White II ...abstract art

 

 

 

 

abstruse

adj.深奧的,難懂的

  ex. abstruse theories.

 

abs-trus(伸出)-e      (more detail see p. 276)

intrusion

protrusion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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