n. [ceramic ware; You can use pottery to refer to pots, dishes, and other objects which are made from clay and then baked in an oven until they are hard.]


Watch the Pottery(Teaware) Making Technique Live!






potpourri   (ˌpəʊˈpərɪ)


n. [a collection of mixed flower petals dried and preserved in a pot to scent the air]

n. [a miscellaneous collection ,= medley]

  ex. a potpourri of the best songs.

  ps.medley為好幾首歌串連一起唱,比方說第一首歌唱完後,接著第二首歌,中間有時候會有overlapping。這在pop music中滿常見的,而以歌曲的形式比較多,純樂器的形式比較少。



字源:pot為鍋子,pourri 是"grow rotten(腐爛)"的意思,pot+pourri後來的意思變成stew(燉肉)


review anthology p.28

anthology  (ænˈθɒlədʒɪ)


n.詩集;名詩選集 [a collection of selected literary pieces or passages or works of art or music]







v.噘嘴 [to show displeasure by thrusting out the lips or wearing a sullen expression]


grin <> pout v.噘嘴



ps. 另外有個概念很相近的字叫做pucker


v. [When a part of your face puckers or when you pucker it, it becomes tight or stretched, often because you are trying not to cry or are going to kiss someone]

v. [to become wrinkled or constricted]


音:拍拖,需要kiss,所以會pucker. (wiki拍拖,係指一男一女嘅單獨約會,通常有先約定嘅會面時間、地點同埋活動。目的一般係培養愛情、鞏固感情)







n. [a person engaged in the practice of a profession, occupation, etc.]

  ex.a Medical practitioner.

  考古:quack <> honest practitioner


review p.300 malpractice






adj.務實的; 實事求是的 [relating to matters of fact or practical affairs often to the exclusion of intellectual or artistic matters(排除藝術﹑ 思想等方面, 等並非實際事情)]

  ps. experimentalist Vs. theorist


字源:1540s, from M.Fr. pragmatique , from L. pragmaticus  "skilled in business or law," from Gk. pragmatikos  "versed in business," from pragma  (gen. pragmatos ) "civil business, deed, act," from prassein  "to do, act, perform."

from wiki:







Pragmatic philosophy









n. [playful or mischievous trick]








v.閒聊; 瞎說 [to talk excessively and pointlessly; babble]

 ex. They prated on until I was ready to scream.

 ex. Why do we prate of self-reliance?

      ps. Self-reliance is the ability to do things and make decisions by yourself, without needing other people to help you.








v. [to deliver a sermon ]

  ex. The vicar preached to the congregation for half an hour. 那位教區牧師向會眾講道半個小時

  ps. vicar 可聯想成開著車到處跑得教區牧師

v. [to urge acceptance or abandonment of an idea or course of action specifically : to exhort in an officious or tiresome manner ]

  ex. He was always preaching the virtues of capitalism. 他總是宣傳資本主義的長處.



聯想:preach = priest(牧師) + reach

Bishop Paul Morton Preaching at Mega Fest 2005









n.序言 [an introductory statement esp: the introductory part of a constitution or statute that usually states the reasons for and intent of the law]

  ps. preamble 同常是個introductiory的part寫在statute(法規)之前的,比方說講述之前歷史與為什麼我們要制定這個statute.

n. [an introductory fact or circumstance especially ]


Preamble to the United States Constitution

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.






preface       n.序言  [常用於book, literary work]

foreword     n.序言  [常用於book,特別指別人為作者寫的序言]

preamble    n.序言  [常用於statute、deed]


prologue    n.序言、開場白 [ a story的opening, 用於drama, novel, film etc ]

epilogue    n.尾聲、收場白 [ a story的ending, 用於 drama, novel, film etc]


prelude       n.序幕、前奏曲[for music] = overture [用於歌劇]

interlude     n.間奏曲

postlude     n.終曲




precarious   (prɪˈkɛərɪəs)

adj.不穩定的 [dependent on chance circumstances, unknown conditions, or uncertain developments ;characterized by a lack of security or stability that threatens with danger]

  ex. She makes a rather precarious living as a novelist.
       她當小說家, 過著不太穩定的生活.

  ex. precarious position on the rocks.


聯想 pre+ car+ious:現在車子(car)正處於個precarious position,在往前(pre)一點點就要掉落懸崖了。







v. [be earlier than; to be, go, or come ahead or in front of ]

  ex. Minister's statement preceded that of president.

  ex. This point has been dealt with in the preceding paragraph.


review(or preview) p.27 ..有些字會在list 41之後




ced,ceed,cess  == go走


precede v.在...之前  [be earlier than]      
preced-ent a.在前面的 // preced-ence n.居前、優先權





proceed  v.行進,繼續前進[go futher, go on]
proceeds  n.[money obtained by selling sth, presenting a performance,etc; profits ] ex. 演唱會的收入
procession  n.行列 [一群前進的人,軍人...]









pre(before)-cept(take)   //take beforehand

n.戒律, 格言 [a command or principle intended especially as a general rule of action ]

  ps. precept比較像 instruction

  ps. In Buddhism, the fundamental code of ethics is known as the Five Precepts (五戒指不殺生、不偷盜、不邪淫、不妄語、不飲酒), practiced by laypeople, either for a given period of time or for a lifetime. There are other levels of precepts, varying amongst traditions.

  ex. Islamic precepts



percept  v. ---> 感知到(perception)

precept  n. ---> 戒律





a short but memorable saying which holds some important fact of experience that is considered true by many people, or that has gained some credibility through its long use.

ex. Murphy's law: "Anything that can go wrong will go wrong"

ex. There ain't no such thing as a free lunch.

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a concise statement of a principle.

ex. "Life is short, [the] art long,

opportunity fleeting, experience deceptive, judgment difficult."

 --------- - ----------------------------------------------------------------------


a command or principle intended especially as a general rule of action


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a simple and concrete saying popularly known and repeated, which expresses a truth, based on common sense or the practical experience of humanity.

ex. Ignorance is bliss

ex. Haste makes waste

ex. 活到老,學到老,還有三分學不到 (Meaning that no matter how old you are, there is still more studying left to do)

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short sentence or phrase chosen and used as a guide or rule of behaviour or as an expression of the aims or ideals of a family, a country, an institution, etc


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an expression of a general truth or a rule of conduct.


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An epigram is a witty expression, often paradoxical or satirical and neatly or brilliantly phrased.

ex. "I can resist everything except temptation."


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碑文 (=inscription) ex. Rosetta Stone


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