pliable = pliant
adj.易彎的 [easily bent; flexible; supple]
ex. pliable leather.
ex. pliant young willows.
adj. [easily influenced or persuaded; yielding]
ex. the pliable mind of youth.
comply v.順從 (按照別人的希望、請求、命令去做)
pli+ant adj.柔軟的=pliable [easily bent or flexible]
compli-ment n.稱讚 [praise] // comple-ment n.互補物
n.困境 [an unfortunate, difficult, or precarious situation]
ex. The crew were in a sorry plight by the time they reached shore. 船員們抵達岸邊時境況已十分悲慘
註記：在很久前，我是把plight 與 blight一起背得
因此 statue __
pedestal | |
plinth / \
v. 沉重緩慢地走 [to walk heavily or slowly; trudge(p.164)]
ex. plodded home through the muddy fields.
ex. He plodded away all night at the accounts but didn't finish them in time. 他徹夜不眠地清理帳目, 卻未能按時完成.
字源：1562, of uncertain origin, perhaps imitative of the sound of walking heavily or slowly
n. 陰謀 [a secret plan to achieve some purpose, esp one that is illegal or underhand] <--GRE中常出現的是這個解釋
ex. a plot to overthrow the government
n. [the story or plan of a play, novel, etc]
v.密謀 [to plan secretly (something illegal, revolutionary, etc); conspire]
v. [to draw (a curve) through these points]<--我看到比較多的是這個字義，因為我常常使用Mathemtica等軟體啦
n. [a manoeuvre or tactic in a game, conversation, etc; stratagem」
ex. It was all a ploy to distract attention from his real aims. 那純粹是障眼法
v. [to pull off (feathers, fruit, etc) from (a fowl, tree, etc)]
n. [courage, usually in the face of difficulties or hardship]
ps.字源 Noun sense of "courage, boldness" (1785) is originally boxing slang, from meaning "heart, viscera" (1611) as that which is "plucked" from slaughtered livestock.
how to pluck guitar - plucking pattern 1
n.犁 = plow [plow is a tool used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting.]
|harrow||n.耙 ( 用於打碎犁過的泥土的農具 ) p.232|
|plow||n.犁 = plough[英式用語] v.犁地|
|fallow||n.休耕地 adj.休耕的 p.197|
|hoe||n.鋤頭 ( 用於割草、耕作及園藝 ) p.239|
plumb (plumb bob)
n. [a small mass of lead or other heavy material, as that suspended by a line and used to measure the depth of water or to ascertain a vertical line]
ps. 測深鎚, 鉛錘（懸掛於繩上的鉛塊, 用以測水深或牆等是否垂直）.
= plumb bob = plummet
adj. [true according to a plumb line; perpendicular.]
adv. [exactly, precisely, or directly.]
v. [to examine closely in order to discover or understand]
ex. plumb the mysteries of the universe 探索宇宙的奧秘.
ex. a film that really plumbs the depths of bad taste 趣味低級得真正到了極點的一部影片.
n.水管工人 [one who installs, repairs, and maintains piping, fittings, and fixtures involved in the distribution and use of water in a building ]
歷史典故 from wiki：
The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire. In Roman times lead was known as plumbum in Latin which is why the periodic table of the elements uses the symbol of 'Pb' for lead.
Roman roofs used lead in conduits and drain pipes and some were also covered with lead, lead was also used for piping and for making baths.
In medieval times anyone who worked with lead was referred to as a plumber.
v.大坡度或快速落下 [fall steeply or rapidly ; plunge]
n. [a feather, esp one that is large or ornamental ; something that resembles a plume]
ex. a plume of smoke
v. [(of a bird) to clean or preen (itself or its feathers)]
v.（為某事）自喜, 自豪 [congratulate or pride oneself (on sth)]
|plumb||adj.垂直的 v.測量深度、深入瞭解 n.測深鎚|
|plump||adj.形體肥胖的且豐滿的 // plume n.羽毛|
|slump||v.(活動、價格或生意方面 ) 猛然落下，暴跌|