toll    /tol/

n.道路﹑ 橋梁﹑ 港口等的通行費 [A charge payable for permission to use a particular bridge or road]

  記: oh.... I forget to bring the coins for the toll.

  note: toll 最常見到的是指過路費。比方說你在美國開上high way, 你可能會經過一段路是要你交tolls. 下面的圖就是Florida State的Toll的標示。

  note: toll在北美還有一種意思,是指長途電話的費用。


v. [Charge a toll for the use of (a bridge or road) ]

tolltoll (2) 

n.死亡人數 [The number of deaths, casualties, or injuries arising from particular circumstances, such as a natural disaster, conflict, or accident]

  note: 這也是在新聞中常出現的用字。比方說 death toll是死亡人數, injury toll 是指受傷人數。

  ex. The titanic tsunami stroke this tiny island, and the death toll still rose after the impact due to lack of clean water and food.








tolerance    /tɑlərəns/



  ex. Once we admit the freedom of speech, we should also have the tolerance for different religion briefs. Supporters and opponents both have the right to speak.

n.容忍限度 [The capacity to endure continued subjection to something, especially a drug, transplant, antigen, or environmental conditions, without adverse reaction]

  ex. NBA has a so-called "zero tolerance" policy.

  ex. He has a high level tolerance to noise, and he can still be concentrated on studying while I already give up to the noise from the street construction.


related word:

  endure v.

  tolerate v.


 Beautiful video about tolerance









tombstone    /'tuːmbstəʊn/

n.墓碑[A large, flat inscribed stone standing or laid over a grave.]

  related word: gravestone n.

 tombstone _112









tongs    /tɔŋz/


  note: you can use tongs to pick up the meat at the buffet restaurant.

  note: you can use tongs to pick up trash.


related word: pliers

  note: you can use pliers to hold electric wire.

  note: you can use pliers to remove your teeth.








tonic    /ˋtɑnɪk/

n.滋補品 [ medicine that gives strength or energy, taken after illness or when tired ]

  ex. Shopping is a kind of tonic for woman.

  note: 有時候你會在健身的詞彙中看到tonic (adj),是指滋補的; 使人精神振奮的

  note: tonic 也是 tone-ic, 所以它有在音樂上以及phonetics上的特殊含意。

   note: tonic water ( see the youtube here) ... it can release your muscle.


Steel tonic workout








tonsorial    /tɒnˈsɔriəl/

adj.理髮師的 [of or relating to a barber or the work of a barber]

  note: people don't use this word often.

  Ex. Tonsorial maintenance means going to have your hair cut.

  音: 他說你唷(tonsorial),你該去剪頭髮了。


review (p.419)

 sartorial adj.縫衣師的









topple    /ˋtɑpl/

v.顛覆 [ to cause (something) to become unsteady and fall ]

  note. 可以使建築物倒塌,也可以說是推翻政權( to overthrow a government)。也是常在政治新聞類看到的詞彙。

  記: topple is to make the top to down.

  ex. At 228 Memorial day, some people attempt to topple the  Chiang Kai-shek statues.

  ex. The French revolution aimed to topple the theocracies and absolute monarchies is one of the most important events in human history.










torment    /ˋtɔrmɛnt/ as n, and /tɔrˋmɛnt/ as v.

tor(~tort = twist)-ment


v.折磨 [to cause severe usually persistent or recurrent distress of body or mind to]

  note: torment 與 torture 一樣都是當作折磨的意思,也是滿常使用的字,但torment的意思還更進一層,那就是指重複性的折磨。

  note: torture 的字根 tort具有扭轉的意思,把人扭轉,就是折磨人。 之前學過的單字還有 distort v.變形 extort v.勒索

  ex. The insomnia torments me every night.



n. [severe physical or mental suffering]

 ex. Their deaths in airplane crash have left all families in torment.









tornado    /tɔrˋnedo/


n.龍捲風 [a violent destructive whirling wind accompanied by a funnel-shaped cloud that progresses in a narrow path over the land]


LARGEST TORNADO EVER!!! From Birth to Death (w/ Radar & Commentary) 5-31-13


 wiki: 2013 El Reno tornado









torque    /tɔrk/



  note: torque物理學上的用字。 他用來表示使物體旋轉的力矩。

\boldsymbol \tau = \mathbf{r}\times \mathbf{F}\,\!
\tau = \|\mathbf{r}\|\,\|\mathbf{F}\|\sin \theta\,\!








tortuous    /ˋtɔrtʃʊəs/


adj.彎彎曲曲的 [full of twists and turns ]

  ex. His explanation to this tortuous history event is so clear, and then I can have the basic background to understand why people at that time made these decisions.

 similar word: sinuous











torpid    /ˋtɔrpɪd/

adj.呆滯的 [having lost motion or the power of exertion or feeling]

   音:拖著疲憊的身體,you feel torpid.

   note: torpid 指的是因為疲倦而有的那種呆滯的狀態( inactive)

  ex. After finishing this long meeting, I felt so torpid that I cannot mentally move any part of my body.


related word: dormant adj.休眠的 , numb adj. 失去感覺的 , lethargic adj.昏睡的










torpor    /ˋtɔrpɚ/


   ex. They lost the game, and they fell into torpor with their tired bodies and souls.










torrent    /ˋtɔrənt/

n.急流, 湍流 [A strong and fast-moving stream of water or other liquid]

  ex. At the end of this torrent is a water fall.


  note: 有一款BT軟體叫 µTorrent (BitTorrent client). 早期還滿紅的,因為是個很輕小的軟體。根據官網的說法 µTorrent is a little over 1 MB (smaller than a digital photo!). It installs ultra-fast and will never hog your valuable system resources.







torrential      /ˋtɔrənʃl/


adj.奔流的; 洶湧的

  ex. The game was cancelled owing to torrential rain.






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