n. [A salve is an ointment or creamy medicine used to heal]

  ex. lip-salve

v. [to heal]

  ex. It's too late to salve your conscience by apologizing.


etymology: O.E. sealf "healing ointment"




From wiki: The "Salve Regina", also known as the Hail Holy Queen, is a Marian hymn.










n. [rescue of a damaged ship or its cargo; rescue of property from damage caused by fire, floods, etc]

  ex. The Salvage of the wreck was made difficult by bad weather.

v. [ to rescue]


  ps. Marine salvage (from wiki ):

 Marine salvage is the process of recovering a ship, its cargo, or other property after a shipwreck. Salvage encompasses towing, refloating a sunken or grounded vessel, or patching or repairing a ship. Today the protection of the environment from cargoes such as oil or other contaminants is often considered a high priority.


BISSO MARINE - Salvaging Penetrated Drill Rig Legs Animation


ps. savage adj.








n. [someone who samples food or drink for its quality]

n. [a piece of embroidery demonstrating skill with various stitches]

  old question: stitch:sampler

  from wiki: A (needlework) sampler is a piece of embroidery produced as a demonstration or test of skill in needlework. It often includes the alphabet, figures, motifs, decorative borders and sometimes the name of the person who embroidered it and the date. The word sampler is derived from the Latin 『exemplum' - an example.













n. [permission or approval for an action, a change, etc]

  ex. The book was translated without the sanction of the author.

v. [ give one's permission]


n. [part or clause of a law which spells out the penalty for breaking it (1651).]

  ex. Economic sanctions(經濟制裁), International sanctions

  Economic sanctions may include various forms of trade barriers and restrictions on financial transactions.


Why does the EU join in sanctions against Iran? (Jan 24, 2012)







v. [If something is sanctified by a priest or other holy person, the priest or holy person officially approves of it, or declares it to be holy.]

  ps. When a priest blesses a marriage and gives it validity in the eyes of a church, this is an example of a time when the priest sanctifies the marriage.

  ps. sanctification








adj. [hypocritically pious or devout]

  ps. 像演出來一樣裝作很虔誠

  ps. hypocrite  (page 243)


Sanctimony Trailer (2000)









n. 涼鞋


Wiki: The word sandal derives from the Greek word sandalon. The ancient Greeks distinguished between baxeae (sing. baxea), a sandal made of willow leaves, twigs, or fibres worn by comic actors and philosophers; and the cothurnus, a boot sandal that rose above the middle of the leg, worn principally by tragic actors, horsemen, hunters, and by men of rank and authority. The sole of the latter was sometimes made much thicker than usual by the insertion of slices of cork, so as to add to the stature of the wearer 


  ps. scandal n.醜聞









adj. [having a healthy mind; not mad]




insanity (linsanity)

World's Most Insane Rope Swing Ever!!! - Canyon Cliff Jump







n. [state of being sane; health of mind]







adj. [hopeful; optimistic]

  ex. to be sanguine about our chances of success.

  ps. 血氣順

  ps. red chalk


review 四種體液

古時候的人(Middle Ages) 認為人的四種體液 是跟人的情緒很有關係

blood 血 --> sanguine a.懷著希望的;樂觀的

sanguine_hue.jpg red_chalk_on_paperLeonardo_da_Vinci_-_Self-Portrait.jpg







n. [liquid in a plant that carries food to all its parts]

v. [gradually weaken sb/sth by taking away (strength, vitality, etc)]

  ex. I was sapped by months of hospital treatment.

  <> bolster v. [give support to sb/sth; strengthen]


  (note: Paul Millsap)


Make Maple Syrup : Boiling the Sap

plant sap.JPG








adj. [wise or knowing]

   ps. Homo sapiens = human

   ex. sapient life forms



Sapient - Shotgun In My Spaceship (2012)



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