re-mors( L. mordere ; bite)-e

n. [sense of deep and bitter regret for having done sth wrong ]

ex. He was filled with remorse for having refused to visit his dying father.

ex. Drugs drove him remorselessly to an early death.

ps. penitence, contrition


wiki: Remorse is an emotional expression of personal regret felt by a person after he or she has committed an act which they deem to be shameful, hurtful, or violent. Remorse is closely allied toguilt and self-directed resentment.


remorse2.jpg remorse1.jpg


ps. 相同的字源: morsel p.317








re(again)-muner(gift, reward)-ative

adj. [affording remuneration; profitable]

ex. remunerative work.


ps. re mune rate v.賠償、給...酬勞  [muner =gift 衍生成酬勞]








v. [to split or tear apart or in pieces by violence ]

ex. a country rent in two by civil war.

ex. Loud cries rent the air.

(tense: rend rent rent )











v. [ make ; cause to become]

ex. It contained so many errors as to render it worthless.

v. [ to give, present, or perform something ]

ex. to render  service to his country.

ex. Any assistance you can render him will be appreciated.

ps. When a jury or authority renders a verdict , decision, or response, they announce it.

ps. To render something in a particular language or in a particular way means to translate it into that language or in that way.


ps. surrender v.交出, 投降, 放棄








n. [A rendering of a play, poem, or piece of music is a performance of it. ]

ex. a rendering of Verdi's(威爾第) Requiem(安魂彌撒曲) by the BBC Symphony Orchestra.









rendezvous /ˋrɑndəˏvu/

n. [a place appointed for assembling or meeting ]

ex. make a rendezvous with Bill at the pub at two o'clock

ps. 是法文來的字,但在英文中滿多地方,像是電影title, album等等會用到。








re-neg(to deny)-e

v. [fail to keep a promise, one's word, etc ]

ex. He reneged on a promise to leave his wife.










n. [a deserter from one faith, cause, or allegiance to another ]

ps. A renegade is a person who abandons the religious, political, or philosophical beliefs that he or she used to have, and accepts opposing or different beliefs.

ex. a renegade priest, spy, soldier

v. [to become a renegade]

adj. [having deserted a faith, cause, or religion for a hostile one ]










re(back)-nounce(to announce)

v. [to give up, refuse, or resign usually by formal declaration ]

ex. A prince who's tired of the royal life could renounce his title and become a commoner.

ex. They've renounced their old criminal way of life


ps. Superman Renounces His U.S. Citizenship

For much of his career, Superman has fought for truth, justice and the American way. In the landmark Action Comics No. 900, which was released on Wednesday, Superman decides he has to stand for something bigger and he renounces his United States citizenship.



denounce  (p.138)


v.公開指責    [to condemn or censure openly or publicly]

ex. to denounce a politician as morally corrupt.


pronounce  // pronunciation


v. 發音







re-nov(new)-ate ps. supernova

v. [restore (esp old buildings) to good condition ]

ex. The couple spent thousands renovating the house.

ex. The college is closed for renovation.



renovate332.jpg renovate21.jpg

Flat Renovation - Creating Luxury Apartment







n. [a state of being widely acclaimed and highly honored ]

ex. Years after he earned international renown for helping answer that question, he turned his attention to another intriguing topic










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