v.使某物純淨[make sth pure by removing dirty, harmful or foreign substances ]

ex. Only purified water is used.






n.純淨 [state or quality of being pure ]

ps. Purity rings originated in the United States in the 1990s among Christian-affiliated sexual abstinence groups. Wearing a purity ring is typically accompanied by a religious vow to practice abstinence until marriage







purlieu (ˈpɜːljuː)

n. [a neighboring area; outskirts]

ex. the restaurant, the preferred purlieu of the theatergoing crowd, is always packed an hour or two before showtime



A piece of land on the edge of a forest, originally land that, after having been included in a royal forest, was restored to private ownership, though still subject, in some respects, to the operation of the forest laws.


Purlieu is a term used of the outlying parts of a place or district . It was a term of the old Forest law , and meant, as defined by John Manwood , Treatise of the Lawes of the Forest (1598, 4th ed. 1717) ,

"a certain territory of ground adjoining unto the forest [which] was once forest-land and afterwards disafforested by the perambulations made for the severing of the new forests from the old. "

The owner of freelands in the purlieu to the yearly value of forty shillings was known as a purlieu-man or purley-man.







purloin (pɜːˈlɔɪn)

v. [to take (something) dishonestly; steal]

ps. if someone purloins something, they steal it or borrow it without asking permission







v.聲稱 [be meant to seem (to be); claim or pretend]

ex. The document purports to be an official stateman.

n.大意 [ general meaning or intention]


字源:from pur- (from L. pro- "forth") + O.Fr. porter "to carry," from L. portare "to carry

c.f. propose  v.提議, 求婚 n.目的







adj. [alleged]

ex.We saw no evidence of his purported wealth.

ex. a purported two million dollar deal










v. [to follow in order to overtake, capture, kill, or defeat]

ex. pursue a wild animal

ex. the police pursued the stolen vehicle along the motorway.

ex. She decided to pursue her studies after obtaining her master degree.


字源:late 13c., "to follow with hostile intent ", from L. prosequi "follow up" (cf. prosecute), from pro- "forward" + sequi "follow"








v. [to supply (as provisions) usually as a matter of business ]

ex. the bakery that purveys the best bread to customers.

v. [If you purvey something such as information, you tell it to people. (esp. gossip)]



purvey and survey

字源:late 13c., from O.Fr. porveoir "to provide," from L. providere ( provide, which now usually replaces it).









pusillanimous (ˌpjuːs ə ˈlænɪməs)


adj. [lacking courage and resolution : marked by contemptible timidity]

ex. 追女朋友的時候

字源:L. pusillis "very weak, little" (dim. of pullus "young animal") + animus "spirit, courage."







pylon (ˈpaɪl a n)

n. [a large vertical steel tower-like structure supporting high-tension electrical cables]


ps. nylon









n.火葬用的柴堆[large pile of wood, etc for burning a dead body as part of a funeral ceremony]


字源:from L. pyra, from Gk. pyra "a hearth, funeral pyre," from pyr (gen. pyros) "fire,"


wiki: Traditionally, pyres are used for the cremation of the deceased in the Hindu and Sikh(錫克教) religions, a practice which dates back several thousands of years. Funeral pyres were also used in Viking culture, typically on floating boats, as well as by the Romans.


Sikhi is a monotheistic religion founded in 15th century Punjab, India , on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev Ji and ten successive Sikh Gurus (the last teaching being the sacred text Guru Granth Sahib Ji). It is the fifth-largest organized religion in the world and one of the fastest-growing.




n.縱火狂 ( uncontrollable desire to set fire to things)
[Arson is the crime of deliberately setting fire to a building or vehicle or something.]
adj.放火的;縱火的 ps. candle











n.鴨叫的嘎嘎聲 [harsh sound made by a duck]

n.庸醫 ( 未經訓練而裝作醫生並提供藥方和治療的人 ) [person who pretends to have special knowledge and skill, esp in medicine]





charlatan n.江湖郎中
mountebank n.江湖郎中 ( 以講故事或耍花招吸引顧客的賣藥者 ) 、騙子
quack n.庸醫 ( 未經訓練而裝作醫生並提供藥方和治療的人 )



wiki: Tabarin was the street name assumed by the most famous of the Parisian street charlatans, Anthoine Girard (c. 1584 – August 16, 1633), who amused his audiences in the Place Dauphine by farcical dialogue with his brother Philippe (as Mondor), with whom he reaped a golden harvest by the sale of quack medicines for several years after 1618. Street theatre was popular theatre, on an improvised stage with a curtain backdrop, to the music of a hurdy-gurdy and a set of viols.



"a doctor that mounts a bench in the market, and boasts his infallible remedies and cures"










v.狂飲 [drink (sth) by swallowing large amounts at a time, not taking small sips]




**狂吃狂喝(這個系列不太好記呢~ 記得要把eat,drink 分別一下唷)

v.狂吃狂喝 [eat or drink sth greedily]
v.狂吃狂喝 (且發出聲響地)  [eat or drink sth greedily and noisly]
gobble是gabble的變體,gabble是v.急促不清地說的意思(可以review p.48 有提到過),這邊gobble是利用gabble的概念,指一直急促的吃東西
v.狂吃狂喝 (用吞的) [swallow food or drink quickly or greedily]
ex. whale
v.大聲地吃喝 [to make loud sucking noises while eating or drinking]
ex. 思樂冰




v.狂吃 [eat greedily]

v.狂飲   [from 豬在吃東西的模樣,豬swine]






















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