prospect (ˈprɒspɛkt)

pro(forth)-spect(=spec; look)

n.成功的機會; 前景 [a probability or chance for future success]

ex. the prospects for this year's wine harvest are excellent.

ex. The prospects of the car industry are brightening.

 

n.景色 [a view or scene, esp one offering an extended outlook]

ex. a magnificent prospect of mountain peaks and lakes.

ex. The prospect from the balcony was breathtaking.

v. [search for minerals, gold, oil, etc]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prospective

adj.預期的 [expected to be or to occur]

ex. Prospective students

ex. the prospective changes in the law

c.f. perspective  (p.354)

n. 透視法

n. [a way of regarding situations, facts, etc,]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prosperous (ˈprɒspərəs)

pro-sper(hope)-ous

adj.成功的, 興旺的, 繁榮的 [marked by success or economic well-being]

ex. a prosperous country, businessman, industry.

ps. golden, flourishing, and thriving

 

ps. desperate   (p.142)

de-sper(hope)-ate

adj.絕望的 [Having lost all hope; despairing.]

adj.感到絕望而不顧一切的 [Reckless or violent because of despair]

ex. a desperate criminal.

ps. Desperate Housewives 《慾望師奶》

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prosperity

pro-sper(hope)-ity

n. 興旺, 繁榮 [state of being successful or rich]

ex. The increase in the country's prosperity was due to the discovery of oil.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prostrate / ˋprɑstret/

adj. [stretched out with face on the ground in adoration or submission]

ex. The prisoners were forced to lie prostrate.

adj. [ completely overcome and lacking vitality, will, or power to rise ]

ps. orz...

ex. She was prostrate with grief after his death.

ex. The country, prostrate after years of war, began slowly to recover.

 

ps. 也有當動詞的用法

ps. prone and supine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protagonist

prot(=protos; first)-agon(act;動、打)-ist

n.主角 [the principal character in a literary work (as a drama or story)]

n.領導者 [leader or advocate of a cause]

 

 

在希臘的戲劇中protagonist是指leading actor主角,

prot=proto-(主要,第一) + agon(動、打) +ist -->主角

而後來變成社會運動的提倡者,ex.女權運動

 

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antagonist

而主角的敵手稱ant-agon-ist

ant i -agon-ist

n.敵手、對手 (p.17)

 

 

常見的衍生字有

agony n.極度痛苦

antagonism n.敵意 [hostility]

 

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protean /ˋprotɪən/

adj.變化無常的 [of or resembling Proteus in having a varied nature or ability to assume different forms]

 

 

源於︰Proteus ,一個能任意改變自己外形的海神

Proteus:海神Poseidon 的兒子,善於變身之術,能知過去未來。

 

Proteus在埃及附近的一個海島上為其父Poseidon 放牧海豹。

Proteus能預見未來,能變出各種形狀,但如果你抓住他不放,等到他恢復原形時,他便會回答你向他提出的問題。這裡的關鍵是Proteus所具有的各異的形狀。

 

 

海神Poseidon

他是Zeus(宙斯)的哥哥,地位僅次於宙斯。他的羅馬名字是Neptune,九大行星中的海王星。

他與宙斯一同戰勝了父親Cronus(克洛斯)之後,一同分割世界,他負責掌管海洋,以三戟主宰水域,在水上擁有無上的權威,是大地的動搖者。他能呼喚或平息暴風雨,輕易地令任何船隻粉碎。

Poseidon曾經與Athena雅典娜爭奪雅典,可惜最後還是敗給雅典娜。一怒之下,他曾經用洪水淹沒雅典。在爭奪雅典時,他變出第一匹馬,所以他也是馬匹的保護神。

 

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prototype

proto(first)-type

n.原型 [an original model on which something is patterned]

ex. a prototype supersonic aircraft

ps. a google self-drive prototype car.

ps. archetype  arche(主要的)-type(p.35)

 

ps. C++ 的function

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protocol

n.外交禮節 [system of rules governing formal occasions, eg meetings between governments, diplomats, etc; official etiquette]

ex. The delegates have to be seated according to protocol. 代表們須按禮儀要求就座

 

字源:from M.L. protocollum "draft," lit. "the first sheet of a volume" (on which contents and errata were written), from Gk. protokollon "first sheet glued onto a manuscript," from protos "first" + kolla "glue."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protest

pro-test(witness)

n. [a solemn declaration of opinion and usually of dissent]

v. [express strong disagreement or disapproval about]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protract

v. [make (sth) last a long time or longer; lengthen or prolong (p.379)]

ex. Let's not protract the debate any further. 我們不要再繼續爭論下去

ex. to protract delays, discussions, questioning

 

字源: from L.L. protractionem "a drawing out or lengthening," from pp. stem of protrahere, from pro- "forward" + trahere "to draw".

Etymologically identical with portray , which was altered in French.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protuberance

pro-tuber(swelling)-ance  (ps. 我們在p.126有稍微談過唷)

n. [A protuberance is a rounded part that sticks out from the surface of something.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protuberant

pro-tuber(swelling)-ant

adj. [bulging out beyond the surrounding surface; protruding]

ex. protuberant eyes.

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

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