per-fervid p.201

adj. [extremely ardent, enthusiastic, or zealous]


ps.ferv= start boiling;hot ...你可以用fever去記

<> impassive [have no emotion]




Good movies evaporate, while the market is flooded with inanity. Critics can't do much to stop this, but when you read perfervid  reviews of the latest commercial offerings it's plain that they do little to cool things down.

好的電影蒸發消失了,市場上充滿著空洞愚蠢的片子。影評家無能為力去阻止,但當你讀到最新的熱切的reviews後,這很明顯他們 cool things down a little.

-- Armond White, "Best Movies, Saddest Culture", New York Press , July 5, 2000









per( away, beyond )-fid-y

n.不誠實, 背信棄義 [deliberate breach of faith or trust; faithlessness]

ex. betrayed by perfidious allies 遭背信棄義的盟友出賣

ex. 比方說假裝投降示好,結果背後裡偷偷徵兵...


c.f perjure 發假誓, 作偽證(尤指在法庭上) (next page)










adj. [guilty, treacherous /ˈtrɛtʃərəs/ , or faithless; deceitful]

ex. a perfidious lover

ex. 呂布

ex. 跳槽 or not 跳槽


<> loyal











v. [to make a hole through  ]

v. [to pass through or into by or as if by making a hole ]


from wiki

A perforation is a small hole in a thin material or web. There is usually more than one perforation in an organized fashion, where all of the holes are called a perforation. The process of creating perforations is called perforating, which involves puncturing the workpiece with a tool.












adj. 敷衍的, 隨隨便便的  [done superficially, only as a matter of routine; careless or cursory ]

ex. perfunctory  greeting

adj. [indifferent]

<> obsessional p.329


from wiki

Apathy (also called impassivity or perfunctoriness ) is a state of indifference, or the suppression of emotions such as concern, excitement, motivation and passion.

Often, apathy has been felt after witnessing horrific acts, such as the killing or maiming of people during a war.












n. [something that causes or may cause injury, loss, or destruction.]

ex. These birds are able to survive the perils of the Antarctic winter. 這些鳥能在南極的嚴冬中生存.

ex. Emperor Penguin

v. [exposure to risk or harm; danger or jeopardy]


ps. peril and perish

Emperor Penguin








adj. [involving or full of grave risk or peril; hazardous; dangerous]

ex.a perilous voyage across the Atlantic in a small boat.









n. [a publication issued at regular intervals , usually monthly or weekly]

adj. [of or relating to such publications]


from wiki:

A periodical publication, or just periodical, is a published work that appears in a new edition on a regular schedule. The most familiar examples are the newspaper, often published daily, or weekly; or the magazine, typically published weekly, monthly or as a quarterly. Other examples would be a newsletter, a literary journal or learned journal, or a yearbook.










peri(around) -meter

n.周長 [the curve or line enclosing a plane area]


from wiki

A perimeter is a path that surrounds an area. The word comes from the Greek peri (around) and meter (measure). The term may be used either for the path or its length - it can be thought of as the length of the outline of a shape. The perimeter of a circular area is called circumference .

circle = 2 \pi r\,










peri(around)-scope(instrument for viewing)

n. [any of a number of optical instruments that enable the user to view objects that are not in the direct line of vision, such as one in a submarine for looking above the surface of the water. They have a system of mirrors or prisms to reflect the light and often contain focusing lenses]









peripatetic /ˌpɛrɪpəˈtɛtɪk/

peri(around)-patetic(to walk)

adj. 走來走去的 [walking or traveling about; itinerant.]


<> stationary


Peripatetic school:

The Peripatetics were members of a school of philosophy in ancient Greece. Their teachings derived from their founder, the Greek philosopher, Aristotle , and Peripatetic is a name given to his followers. The school originally derived its name Peripatos from the peripatoi (περίπατοι "colonnades") of the Lyceum gymnasium in Athens where the members met.(Peripatos from 在Lyceum體育館的柱廊,那邊Peripaterics會聚在一起。)

A similar Greek word peripatetikos (Greek: περιπατητικός) refers to the act of walking, and as an adjective, "peripatetic" is often used to mean itinerant, wandering, meandering, or walking about. After Aristotle's death, a legend arose that he was a "peripatetic" lecturer -- that he walked about as he taught -- and the designation Peripatetikos came to replace the original Peripatos.











adj. 周邊的 [ Peripheral areas of land are ones which are on the edge of a larger area. ]

ps. 在醫學中 peripheral指的是末梢的

adj.無關緊要的 [not relating to the most important part of something; incidental, minor, or superficial]

peripheral element <> crux












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