n. [a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing]

ex. 『吐幣不吐幣, it is a problem. 』捷運站務人員說:

ps. 全名最大黨的表演就是屬於這類型的


from wiki

A parody (also called send-up , spoof or lampoon ), in contemporary usage, is a work created to mock, comment on, or make fun at an original work , its subject, author, style, or some other target, by means of humorous, satiric or ironic imitation.

字源(看看就好):L. parodia  "parody," from Gk. paroidia  "burlesque song or poem," from para-  "beside, parallel to" (in this case, "mock-") + oide  "song, ode" (see ode ).


Spider-man Parody - Jack Black








paroxysm / ˋpærəksˏɪzəm/

n. [any sudden, violent outburst; a fit of violent action or emotion]

ex. paroxysm of rage.

ps. 這個字在心理學的領域比較常見 ex. Paroxysmal attack


字源(看看就好):"sudden attack, convulsion," 1577, from M.Fr. paroxysme  (16c.), earlier paroxime  (13c.), from M.L. paroxysmus  "irritation, fit of a disease," from Gk. paroxysmos,  from paroxynein  "to irritate, goad," from para-  "beyond" + oxynein  "sharpen, goad," from oxys  "sharp, pointed" (see acrid). Non-medical sense first attested 1604.










parquet / pɑːrˈkeɪ/

n.拼花地板 [a floor composed of short strips or blocks of wood forming a pattern, sometimes with inlays of other woods or other materials.]

ps. 像nba球館中的地板,就是用parquet=parquetry

字源(看看就好):1816, "patterned wooden flooring," from Fr. parquet  "wooden flooring, enclosed portion of a park," from O.Fr. parchet  (14c.) "small compartment, part of a park or theater," dim. of parc  (see park). Meaning "part of a theater auditorium at the front of the ground floor" is first recorded 1848.



quick review



banquet   n.宴會    [宴會中常有band]

bouquet   n.花束                    // parquet  n.拼花地板

boutique  n.精品













v. [to ward off (an attack) by blocking or deflecting, as in fencing]

v. [to evade (questions)]

ex. parry an awkward question 迴避一令人尷尬的問題.

ps. 印象中,像是問劉薰愛的記者


quick review p.207



n.性格上的小缺點 [ a minor weakness or failing of character; slight flaw or defect]


n.鈍鈍的劍尖到中部的範圍 [the weaker part of a sword blade, between the middle and the point (opposed to forte ).]





n.【音】 強音記號

forte 從法文的strength而來的

在fencing(劍術)中指的是"strong" part of the blade"劍身中強韌的部分,簡單的說就是劍的中部到底部的範圍,而foible指的是鈍鈍的劍尖到中部的範圍










v.語法上分析 [to analyze (a sentence) in terms of grammatical constituents, identifying the parts of speech, syntactic relations, etc.]


In computer science and linguistics, parsing, or, more formally, syntactic analysis, is the process of analyzing a text, made of a sequence of tokens (for example, words), to determine its grammatical structure with respect to a given (more or less) formal grammar. Parsing can also be used as a linguistic term, especially in reference to how phrases are divided up in garden path sentences.


Let's parse a sentence.

The horse raced past the barn fell.


字源(看看就好):from O.Fr. pars,  pl. of part  "part," from L. pars  (see part (n.) ) in school question, Quae pars orationis?  "What part of speech?"








parsimony /ˋpɑrsəˏmonɪ/


n.節儉 [extreme care or reluctance in spending]

ps. 當我們說這個字的時候,挾帶著吝嗇; 小氣 的意思。

ex. Due to official parsimony, we bought only one copy machine.



題外:Maximum parsimony -- requires the least evolutionary change to explain some observed data.



節儉系列的字可以review p.213












adj.部分的 [relating to only a part; not general or complete]

ex. a partial eclipse of the sun 日偏食

adj.偏袒的 [biased]

ex. The referee was accused of being partial towards the home team. 裁判受指責對本地隊偏心


ps. partial derivative=偏微分

f^\prime_x,\  f_x,\  \partial_x f, \text{ or }  \frac{\partial f}{\partial x}.







partiality (ˌpɑːʃɪˈælɪtɪ)


n.偏心, 偏頗 [favourable prejudice or bias]







partition (pɑːˈtɪʃən)


n.分割 [a division into parts; separation]

n. [action of dividing or state of being divided into parts, esp the division of one country into two or more nations]

ex. the partition of India in 1947 1947年印度的分裂

v.分割 [If you partition a room, you separate one part of it from another by means of a partition. ]


在物理的統計力學(或者熱力學中),你可以看到partitiion function

 Z = \sum_{j} g_j \cdot e^{- \beta E_j}
\beta \equiv \frac{1}{k_BT}

where  g j is the degeneracy factor










n. [detail,a separate distinct item that helps to form a generalization]

ex.Her account is correct in every particular/all particulars.

ex.He gave full particulars of the stolen property.









v. [to make particular]

ex.Mr Johnson particularizes the general points he wants to make.









n. [an adherent or supporter of a person, group, party, or cause, esp. a person who shows a biased, emotional allegiance.]

n. [a member of a party of light or irregular troops engaged in harassing an enemy, esp. a member of a guerrilla band engaged in fighting or sabotage against an occupying army.]


字源: 1555, "one who takes part with another, zealous supporter ," from M.Fr. partisan  (15c.), from dial. upper It. partezan  (Tuscan partigiano ) "member of a faction, partner," from parte  "part, party," from L. partem  (nom. pars ), see part (n.). Sense of "guerilla (ɡəˈrɪlə) fighter" is first recorded 1692 . The adj. is 1708 for warfare, 1842 for politics.









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