justify

just-ify

v.證明...是正當的 [To demonstrate or prove to be just, right, or valid]

ex. No argument can justify a war.

ex. Don't try to justify your mistakes

v.證明...無罪 [ Law. To demonstrate sufficient legal reason for (an action taken).]

 

字源:LL. jūst ificāre , = jūsti -  + -ficāre -fy

( jūsti jūstus 來的, 其中 jus為"law, right ")

 

justify <> argue against

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

justifiable

just-ify-able

adj.正當的 [capable of being justified; that can be shown to be or can be defended as being just, right, or warranted; defensible]

ex. justifiable homicide = 正當殺人

ex. justifiable pride

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

justification

just-ification

n.證明正當 [The act of justifying.]

n.正當的理由 [a reason, fact, circumstance, or explanation that justifies or defends]

ex. I can't see any justification for him to be so late.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

juvenile

juven(youth)-ile

adj.青少年的 [of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or suitable or intended for young persons]

ex. juvenile books = 青少年的讀物

ex. juvenile delinquency = 青少年犯罪

adj.年輕的 [ young; youthful]

adj 未成熟的,孩子氣的[immature; childish; infantile]

n.青少年 [a young person; youth.]

 

字源: L juvenīlis ,= juven youthful + -īlis -ile

 

ps.

rejuvenation n.返老還童

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

juxtapose

juxta(side by side)-pose(put)

v.並列(為了比較、對比) [to place close together or side by side, esp. for comparison or contrast.]

ex. Contemporary photographs are juxtaposed with a sixteenth century, copper Portuguese mirror.
這些當代的照片被一同放於一個16世紀的葡萄牙銅鏡旁。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

kaleidoscope (kəˈlaɪdəˌskəʊp)

kaleido(beautiful shape)-scope

n.萬花筒

 

字構:coined by its inventor, Sir David Brewster (1781-1868)

Gk. kal(ós) beautiful + eîdo(s) shape + -scope

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

kangaroo

n. 袋鼠

 

字源:來自於澳洲原住民的用語

kangaroo: marsupial 有袋動物的

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ken

n.知識 [knowledge, understanding, or cognizance; mental perception]

ex. beyond the ken of man
非人類所能理解...(常見的用法)

n.視野,眼界 [range of sight or vision.]

ps.在蘇格蘭語中 ken可以當動詞"to know"

 

字源: OE cennan to make known ,

而「視野,眼界」的字義來自 kenning的縮寫...是個用於航海的用語 (1590)

 

earshot:hear=ken:see

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

kennel

n.狗舍、貓舍 [a house or shelter for a dog or a cat.]

v. [to put into or keep in a kennel]

 

聯想:nn像狗的四條腿

字源:kennel前面的 ken是從 L. can(is) dog演變來的

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

kernel

n. 果核的仁..最裡面軟軟的東西 [A grain or seed, as of a cereal grass, enclosed in a husk.]

n.核心  [the central or most important part of anything; essence]

ex. Linux kernel

下面的圖是在指程式的關係 shell 是人溝通kernel的工具..ex tab鍵 --then kernel 會幫你處理hardware

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

kidnap

v.誘拐、綁架 [to steal, carry off, or abduct by force or fraud, esp. for use as a hostage (人質) or to extract ransom (贖金).]

ex. The aim of the terrorists is to kidnap rather than kill.

ex. The kidnapped man was said to have been seized by five people.

 

聯想:kid + nap 趁睡覺的時候把小孩綁架走

字源:kidnap = kid小孩子 + nap (nab v.強奪的變體)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

kidney

n. 腎臟 [ Anatomy . either of a pair of bean-shaped organs in the back part of the abdominal cavity (腹腔) that form and excrete urine (尿), regulate fluid and electrolyte(電解質) balance, and act as endocrine glands (內分泌腺).]

ps. nephritis n.腎炎

organ:kidney=bone:rib
腎是一種器官=肋骨是一種骨骼

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

killjoy

kill-joy

n.令人掃興的人 [a person who spoils the joy or pleasure of others; spoilsport.]

ex. That killjoy ruined the fun by taking our beer away.
那個掃興的傢伙把啤酒拿走了。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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