字根 integer = whole

來自 in-teg(touch)-er(adj suffix)

 

integer    n.[數]整數 {...,-2,-1, 0, 1, 2,... }

 

integral  adj.構成整體所不能少的

adj.完整的

n.[數]積分

 

integr-ant   a.完整的=integral

integr-ate   v.構成整體    // dis-integrate  v.分裂成小片

v.[數]積分

integr-ity    n.正直、完整

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integral

integr(whole)-al

adj.完整的 [entire; complete; whole]

ex. to become an integral part of the scene
和那片景物融為一體。

adj.構成整體不能少的 [necessary to the completeness of the whole]

ex. the arms and legs are integral parts of the human body.

 

ps. integral 在數學中指--積分

 

 

 

 

integrate

integr(whole)-ate

v.使成為一體,整合 [To make into a whole by bringing all parts together ; unify.]

ex. to Integrate text, graphics, and data in one display
在一個顯示中整合文字、圖形及數據

ex. I integrated your suggestion with my plan.
我把你的建議採納到我的計畫中來。

 

 

 

 

 

integrity

integr(whole)-ity

n.完整 [The quality or condition of being whole or undivided]

ex. Our integrity as a nation is threatened.
我們國家的完整性受到了威脅。

n.正直 [Steadfast adherence to a strict moral or ethical code.]

ex. 簡單來說integrity的概念就是,你與 你的道德價值保持一體 ,有著正直、誠實、守法的意涵。

ex. The integrity of the judge is unquestioned.
這位法官的正直是毫無疑問的。

 

 

 

 

intellect

inter-lect(pick up, choose)

n.理解力 [the power or faculty of the mind by which one knows or understands, as distinguished from that by which one feels and that by which one wills; the understanding; the faculty of thinking and acquiring knowledge.]

ex. an intellect which pierces straight to the heart of a problem
一種深入問題核心的理解力

 

intellect vs. intelligence

基本上,這兩個字大家也不太去細分意思,所以字義就混用了。

都可當理解力、智力來解釋。不過要仔細分別的化話:

intellect是指 理解的能力 ,比方說分辨一個人的感覺、意願 --較偏理解, 分辨方面

intelligence 是智力,而理解力是智力其中一種表現方式 。常見的用語ex:

像是 Artificial Intelligence =AI

or Intelligence Test = 智力測驗

or Intelligence Quotient =IQ

另外intelligence的用法也較廣泛,還可以指情報,ex:

Central Intelligence Agency = CIA

 

字構:inter-lect 概念:"在眾多選擇中挑出最適合的"-->理解力

 

brief review

字根lect, (leg為變化型) 當 choose的意思 ex. select

 

 

 

 

 

intellectual

interlect-ual

n.有很高理解 力(智力) 的人[a person of superior intellect.]

ex. He was a refined, intellectual.
他是一個有教養的知識分子。

adj.理解 力(智力) 的 [ of or pertaining to the intellect or its use]

ex. It represents the pinnacle of intellectual capability.
它代表了智能的頂峰。

ex. intellectual education =  智育

ex. intellectual property = 知識產權

 

 

 

intelligent

inter-lig-ent

adj.有智力的 [having intelligence]

adj.聰明的 [having good understanding or a high mental capacity; quick to comprehend ]

ex. developed an intelligent solution to this problem.
發展出了個聰明的解決方法。

 

 

 

intelligible

intel-lig-ible

adj.可理解的,清晰的[ capable of being understood; comprehensible; clear ]

ex. Do not coin terms that are intelligible to nobody.
不要生造誰也不懂的詞語。

ex. Price should be simple and readily intelligible.
價格必須是簡單明了的,易於被人瞭解。

 

garble:unintelligible
斷章取義導致難解的

 

 

 

 

intensify

in-tens(stretch)-ify

v.增強;使變激烈 [to make intense or more intense.]

ex. The war intensified.
戰爭變得激烈了。

 

review

tend tens == stretch

tent

 

 

 

 

intent

n.意圖 [=intention; Something that is intended; an aim or purpose]

ex. It was his intent to build on direct observation and avoid speculative hypotheses.
他的意圖是以直接的觀察為基礎而避免推測性的假說。

ex. The man was charged with intent to kill.
那人被指控蓄意謀殺罪。

adj.堅決要做的 [firmly or steadfastly fixed or directed, as the eyes or mind]

ex. He was intent on going abroad for advanced studies.
他一心想出國深造。

 

 

 

intentional

intent-ion-al

adj.故意的;策劃的 [done with intention or on purpose; intended]

ex. intentional walk = 故意四壞球

 

intentional <> inadvertent

 

 

 

 

inter

in-ter(=terr)

v.埋葬 [to place (a dead body) in a grave or tomb; bury.]

ex. The body was interred at the cemetery.
遺體埋葬在公墓裡。

 

 

 

 

interaction

inter-action

n.互相影響 [reciprocal action, effect, or influence.]

 

字首 inter- 來自Latin, 它有"between", "mutually"的意思

 

 

 

 

intercede

inter-cede(go, yield)

v.求情 [to act or interpose in behalf of someone in difficulty or trouble, as by pleading or petition]

ex.She interceded with the court for his son.
她為其兒子向法院求情

v.調解

ex. to ask the government to intercede on their behalf.
要求政府代表他們出面調解

 

 

字構: inter-cede "兩邊之間的走"

所以你可以看到"求情"概念的由來是,為了求情而兩邊奔波。

 

 

 

 

intercessor

inter-cess-or

n.仲裁者; 調解人 [a person who intercedes.]

 

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