immaculate

in-macul(spot, stain)-ate

adj.潔淨的,無污垢的 [ free from spot or stain; spotlessly clean]

ex. immaculate white shoes.
一雙潔白的鞋子

ex. Gloria and immaculate virgin.

adj.無過失的,清白的 [ free from moral blemish or impurity; pure]

ex. immaculate and inaccessible

 

ps.1

macul 是從L. macula "spot, stain."而來的

maculate v.加斑點;弄污  adj.有污點的

 

ps.2

Immaculate Conception--潔淨的懷孕,指聖母馬利亞

 

 

 

 

immanent

in-man( L. manere ;stay)-ent   [ex. remain]

adj.固有的,內在的[Existing or remaining within; inherent]

ex. He believed that beauty was not something imposed, but something immanent.

ex. immanent wish to love you.

 

adj.【哲學用語--指某心智活動】只發生在心裡的,不會對外界有作用  [ Philosophy. (of a mental act) taking place within the mind of the subject and having no effect outside of it. C.f. transeunt .]

ex. a cognition is an immanent act of mind.

ps.immanent 的相對的單字是transeunt,它的意思是mental act會對外界有effect。

 

adj.【神學用語--指神】存在整個宇宙、時間中 [Theology. (of the Deity) indwelling the universe, time, etc. C.f. transcendent ]

ex. believed in a God immanent in humans.

ps. 簡單說一下 immanent 與 transcendent的概念,有人認為"上帝"與"上帝所創作的物體"是有不可橫過的鴻溝,這也是transcendent的概念,上帝是高高在上的。另外一種觀點就是"上帝"也存在於"上帝所創的事物"中,所以每個人、動物都有上帝的成分在,這就是immanent的觀點。(xination非此方面的專業,有錯誤請跟我說...)

 

immanent <> extrinsic  adj.外在的;外來的

 

 

 

 

immemorial

in-memor(記憶)-ial  ["無法記憶的"-->極古的]

adj. 無法追憶的, 極古的 [ Reaching beyond the limits of memory, tradition, or recorded history. ]

ex. from/ since time immemorial = 自古以來

ex. The story has come down from time immemorial.
這個故事從遠古流傳至今。

ex人生自古誰無死, 留取丹心照汗青
None could skip death since immemorial age, but one shall wish his life would reflect the goodness of his beliefs after death.

 

immemorial <> recent

 

 

 

immense

in-mense( L. mēnsus ; measure) ["無法測量的"-->巨大的]

adj.巨大的;廣大的 [ vast; huge; very great]

ex. The Internet is the instant access to immense amounts of information.

 

 

 

immensity

in-mens e -ity

n.巨大;廣大 [vastness; enormous extent]

ex. the epic immensity of this broadening task.
的史詩般廣大的--不斷擴展地任務

 

 

 

 

immerse

in-merse(plunge in)

v.使浸沒 [to plunge into or place under a liquid]

ex. Immerse the cloth in the dye for twenty minutes.
把這塊布浸入染料裡20分鍾。

v.埋首於 [ to involve deeply; absorb]

ex. She immersed in her work.
她埋頭工作。

 

ps.

merge  v.使(公司等)合併   [原指to plunge or sink in,意謂者absorption吸收的意思 ]

另外我們有在p.172講過emerge系列

 

 

imminent

in-min(突出)-ent

adj.即將發生的 [ About to occur; impending]

ex. The soldier feared imminent death.

ex. Hard disk failure is imminent.
如果你的電腦show出這樣的訊息...趕快備份!!
(XD..xination的harddisk有次也無徵兆的爆了)

ps.

eminent     adj.出眾的,卓越的 ex. an eminent scientist.

prominent  adj.凸出的adj.顯著的;著名的

 

 

 

 

immolate

in-mol-ate

v.犧牲 [to sacrifice.]

ex. Immolate domesticity for aspiring after career galvanization.
在受到了職業的刺激後,為了抱負,犧牲家庭生活。

v.火祭 [ to kill as a sacrificial victim, as by fire; offer in sacrifice.]

ex. to immolate thousands of creatures as a proof of good faith.

v.放火殺死 [To kill (oneself) by fire.]

ex. The king swears to immolate the first who breathes a proposition of surrender.

 

字源: 拉丁文 mola 指的是"sacrificial barley cake"

 

 

 

 

reveiw (在p.96) or see update 在 p. 319

mun可以是很多意思,因為它可以源於很多的拉丁文,比方說

**字根mun當 寬大 ;責任; 公共 來解

1.由拉丁字 L.mūnus ;gift munificentia 其中的 munific == generous, liberal

mun-i-fic-ent     adj.慷慨的 [mun禮物+fic做-->做給禮物的-->慷慨的]

mun-i-fic-ence      n.慷慨

 

2.拉丁字 L. mūni a ;duty municipalis = of a citizen of a free town

mun-i-cip-al     adj.市政的

(事後更正.. munia是munus的複數型...所以都是相同的意思的,

應該把說munus有三個意思比較正確"public office, duty, or gift"...2010/03/07)

 

 

**字根muni當 加強 來解   (form L.munire; to fortify) fort

munition     n.軍火、彈藥

muniment   n.契據 [加強關係之物]

 

 

 

immune

in-mun( L. munia ;duty)-e  ["沒有責任"-->免除的]

adj.免除的 [Not subject to an obligation imposed on others; exempt]

ex. being immune from taxation

ex. being immune from criminal prosecution.

adj.免疫的 [Of, relating to, or having resistance to infection by a specific pathogen.]

ex. immune system 免疫系統

from wiki--免疫系統是生物體內一個能辨識出「非自體物質」(通常是外來的病菌)、從而將之消滅或排除的整體工程之統稱。它能從自身的細胞或組織辨識出非自體物質(小從病毒,大至寄生蟲)。所有植物與動物都具有先天免疫系統。免疫系統並非完全有效,因為病菌或寄生蟲能不斷演化來感染宿主。

 

vaccination:immune

 

 

 

immunity

in-mun( L. munia ;duty)-ity

n.免除 [The quality or condition of being immune.]

n.免疫力

 

 

immunize

in-mun( L. munia ;duty)-ize

v.使免疫/免疫 [to make immune.]

ex. This gas mask can immunize you against poison gas .
防毒面具能使你免遭毒氣襲擊。

 

 

 

immure

in-mur(wall)-e

v.監禁,禁閉 [to enclose within walls.]

ex. He immure himself in a small room to work undisturbed.

 

字源: from L. mūrus "wall"

 

 

 

reveiw p.137(這邊有稍微排版一下)

* mur from L. morārī "delay"

demur    v.有顧慮;反對

demure  a.矜持的 [characterized by shyness and modesty; reserved.]

[來源與mur同; (influenced by Old French mur, meur, mature, serious .from L. morārī )]

 

* mur from L. mūrus "wall"

mural   n.壁畫 adj.牆壁似的

immure v.監禁,禁閉

 

*murk from ON. myrkr "dark"

murky adj.黑暗的 [dark, gloomy, and cheerless.]
[ME mirke, myrke < ON(古挪威) myrkr dark]

 

 

 

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