fluvial

fluv(flow;river)-ial

adj.河流的 [ of or pertaining to a river]

ex. fluvial plain
河成平原

ex. fluvial geomorphology
河流地貌學

adj.生在河中的 [Of, relating to, or inhabiting a river or stream.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

flux

fluc(flow)-t     [ps. ct-->x]

n.流出 [ a flowing or flow.]

n.[物]通量 ex.磁通量、電通量

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foil

v.挫敗 [To prevent from being successful; thwart .]

ex. Loyal troops foiled his attempt to overthrow the government

n.箔,金屬薄片 [ metal in the form of very thin sheets] [這個字義是由foil是由foli葉子而來的]

ex. aluminum foil.

ps. Rutherford的實驗就是利用alpha particle來撞foil唷(像gold, silver)

n.(練劍術用的)鈍頭劍

 

 

 

 

 

 

foible

n.性格上的小缺點 [ a minor weakness or failing of character; slight flaw or defect]

n.弱點

n.鈍鈍的劍尖到中部的範圍 [the weaker part of a sword blade, between the middle and the point (opposed to forte ).]

 

ps.

forte

n.長處

n.【音】 強音記號

forte 從法文的strength而來的

在fencing(劍術)中指的是"strong" part of the blade"劍身中強韌的部分,簡單的說就是劍的中部到底部的範圍,而foible指的是鈍鈍的劍尖到中部的範圍

 

foible:flaw
小缺點對缺點

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fold

v.摺疊 [To bend over or double up so that one part lies on another part]

ex. fold a sheet of paper.

n.羊欄 [A fenced enclosure for domestic animals, especially sheep.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

folder

fold-er

n.資料夾

 

folder:papers=drawer:clothing

文件夾用來放文件=抽屜用來放衣服

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foliage /ˋfolɪɪdʒ/

foli(leaf)-age

n.葉子(集合名詞) [the leaves of a plant, collectively]

 

ps.

portfolio [port-foli-o] n.公事包、投資組合

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

folklore

folk-lore

n.民間傳說 [The traditional beliefs, myths, tales, and practices of a people, transmitted orally.]

ex.諸葛亮 is a synonym for wisdom in folklore.
諸葛亮在民間傳說中成了智慧的代名詞

ex.馬祖傳說

 

ps.1

folklore is coined by English scholar and antiquary William John Thoms (1803–85)

 

ps.2

lore

n. (有關某一學科的)全部知識;傳說

ex. ghost lore
鬼怪傳說

ex. forest lore
關於森林的知識

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

folly

fol(fool)-y

n.愚蠢 [the state or quality of being foolish]

ex. He will suffer for his folly.
他會因自己的蠢行而受到懲罰

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foment

v.煽動 [try to stir up public opinion]

ex. foment discontent
挑起不滿

v.熱敷

 

disseminate:information=foment:discontentment
傳播使消息擴散=煽動使不滿擴散

 

ps.1

foment 與 ferment意思還滿像的,但是細節的概念上是不太一樣的

foment是挑起、煽動的意思,有特意去製造的意味在

ferment是指騷動,較像是時間到了或條件達成了就自然發生了

 

ps.2

ferment

ferm(=ferv;start boiling)-ent

n.使發酵的東西 [Something, such as a yeast, bacterium, mold, or enzyme, that causes fermentation.]

n.發酵、騷動 [A state of agitation or of turbulent change or development.]

ex. The country was in ferment.
那個國家處於動亂中。

 

v.發酵

v.醞釀,使騷動

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foodstuff

food-stuff(原料、填充物)

n.食料;食品 [A substance that can be used or prepared for use as food. ]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foolproof

fool-proof

adj.防呆的 [Designed so as to be impervious(不能滲透的;不受影響的) to human incompetence, error, or misuse]

ex. a foolproof safety lock.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foppish

fop-ish

adj. 舉止像花花公子的 [foppish preson dresses in beautiful, expensive clothes and is very proud of his appearance.]

 

ps.

fop  n.花花公子(外貌協會的人)

dandy

n.好時髦的男子;花花公子 [a man who is excessively concerned about his clothes and appearance; a fop .]

 

 

 

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