erase

e-ras(=rad;scrape)-e

v.擦掉,抹去 [to rub or scrape out, as letters or characters written; efface]

  ex. The teacher erased the letters on the blackboard.

  ex. Time cannot erase his memories of the war.

 

ps.

eraser n.橡皮擦

 

erasure

e-ras-ure

n.擦掉,抹去 [ an act or instance of erasing.]

  ex. there were many erasures in the typescript.

 

 

erect

ex-rect(reg;直)

adj.垂直的,豎起的 [ upright in position or posture]

  ex. Soldiers are trained to stand erect.
  士兵們訓練站得筆直。

adj.【醫】(陰莖)勃起的

v.垂直,豎起

v.建立,設立,安裝

  ex. A monument was erected in front of the town hall.

 

erect <> suspend

 

err

[from Latin errāre, to wander;亂逛]

v.犯錯誤 [To make an error or a mistake.]

  ex. to err is human

 

ps. error n.錯誤

 

 

errand

err(wander)-and

n.差事、跑腿 [a short and quick trip to accomplish a specific purpose, as to buy something, deliver a package, or convey a message, often for someone else..]

  ex.比方說幫朋友買消夜

n.差事的目的 [The purpose or object of such a trip]

  ex. Your errand was to mail the letter.

 

ersatz

adj.代用的; 假的 [ Being an imitation or a substitute, usually an inferior one]

  ex. 你上廁所忘了帶衛生紙,不過剛好有報紙,這報紙就是ersatz tissue,

  ersatz指的是當你要用的東西剛好沒有,你只能用較劣等的代用品,

  形容這個替代物就可以用ersatz

n.代用品

 

ersatz字源:German, replacement, from ersetzen, to replace, from Old High German irsezzan : ir-, out; see ud- in Indo-European roots + sezzan, to set

ersatz來自於德語,從 irsezzan來的,其中的意思由 out + set組合而成,就是指替代replacement。

 

 

erstwhile

erst-while

adj.從前的,往昔的 [ former; of times past]

  ex. erstwhile friends.

  ex. Erstwhile workers may have become managers.

 

ps1.

erst  adv.以前;往昔

erst字源:ere + est

 

ps2. early

 

 

erudite

e-rud(raw)-ite [從未開化、粗糙中拉出來]

adj.博學的 [characterized by great knowledge; learned or scholarly]

  ex. an erudite professor

 

音:耶魯呆子

 

ps.

crude adj.天然的,未經加工的

 

 

 

 

erupt

e-rupt(break)

v.噴出;爆發 [ to burst forth]

  ex. An active volcano may erupt at any time.

 

 

 

 

escalate

ex-scala( ladder from L.)-ate

v.使逐步上升(增強或擴大 [ to increase in intensity, magnitude, etc.]

   ex. to escalate a war;  prices escalate.

v.乘自動扶梯爬登 [to raise, lower, rise, or descend on or as if on an escalator.]

 

ps.

escalator字源:Americanism; formerly a trademark;  escal(ade) + (elev)ator

escalator原本是商標 由escalade(以梯子攀登)+elevator組成的

escal (from L. scala "ladder"梯子)

 

ps.2

scale n.等級;級別

 

escalation

n.逐步上升;逐步擴大


      

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