dour

adj.陰鬱的 [ serious and unfriendly.]

ex. The captain's dour look depressed us all.

dour  
four  
  (便秘已經四天了臉色很dour)

 

 

 

 

 

 

douse

v.把...浸入水中 [to plunge into water or the like]

ex. She doused the clothes in soapy water.

v.弄熄 [ to extinguish]

ex. She quickly doused the candle's flame with her fingertips.

ps. douse <> ignite  v.點燃

ps. 音:倒

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

down

n. 羽絨

(DOWN是指鵝鴨等水鳥頸下至胸腹之間之柔軟絨毛,其他部位之羽毛並不包括在內) feather

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

downplay

v.將...輕描淡寫;貶低 [To minimize the significance of; play down ]

ex. downplayed the bad news.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

downpour

down-pour(v.傾注)

n.傾盆大雨 [ A heavy fall of rain. ]

ps. downpour:flooding=wind:erosion
暴雨造成水災=風造成侵蝕

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

down-to-earth

a. 實際的 [practical and realistic]

ex. say a straightforward down-to-earth approach to a problem.

 

 

 

 

 

 

doyen

n.【法文】老前輩 [the senior member, as in age, rank, or experience, of a group]

ps. 聯想:do + yen -->製作日元的老前輩

 

 

 

 

 

 

drab

n/adj.黃褐色

adj.單調的

 

drab n.黃褐色  adj.單調的

crab  n.螃蟹

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

draconian

draco -nian

adj.(古雅典立法者)德拉古的  [ of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Draco or his code of laws.]

adj.太殘酷的 [unusually severe or cruel]

 

德拉古(Draco,生卒年不詳,一般被認為是公元前7世紀)是古希臘政治家,立法者。他曾統治雅典,於公元前621年整理雅典法律,並寫出一部完整的法典。該法典因限制了貴族的違法亂紀而受到一部分人的歡迎,但該法極其殘酷,規定所有罪行均處死刑。他的繼任者梭倫將他的法典廢除,只保留有關謀殺的部分。後人常用德拉古式(Draconian)一詞來形容嚴酷刑律。

 

ps. Draco 在拉丁語中還有當作"龍"的意思 dragon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

draft

n.草稿,草圖  v.畫草稿

n/v.徵兵

n.匯票 [a document ordering the payment of money; drawn by one person or bank on another]

ex. He went to the bank to cash a draft.
他去銀行兌現一張匯票。

 

 

 

 

 

draftsman

n.製圖者 [A man who draws plans or designs, as of structures to be built.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

draftsmanship

draftsman-ship

n.製圖

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drain

(source of "dry,")

n.排水管

v.排出液體

v.耗盡

ex.The civil war drained the country of its manpower and wealth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drainage

n.排水 [the act or process of draining.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drastic

adj.猛烈的;極端的  [Severe or radical in nature; extreme]

ex. the drastic measure (判斷) of amputating the entire leg

 

 

 

 

 

 

drawbridge

draw(拉)-bridge

n.吊橋

ps. drawbridge:castle=gangway:ship
進入城堡通過可拆卸吊橋=進入船通過可拆卸跳板

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drawl

n/v.慢聲慢氣地講話 [ to say or speak in a slow manner, usually prolonging the vowels.]

ps. 聯想: draw + l

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dreary

adj.沈悶的 [ dull and depressing.]

ex. a dreary little town in the Midwest

adj. 陰鬱的 [dismal; bleak.]

ps. dreary <> jocund  adj.歡樂的

 

dreary a.沈悶陰鬱的
dream n.夢想
  (沒有夢想的人是沈悶的)

 

 

 

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