----------------------------------------

 

字根solv   solut(較怪)是loosen的意思
solu

 

 

 

solve          v.解決、溶解

solu-ble     adj.可解決的、可溶解的

solv-able    adj.可解決的、可溶解的

 

solu-tion      n.解決方法、溶解

 

solute     n.溶質

solvent    n.溶劑  adj.有償還能力的

 

----------------------------------------

 

absolve        v.開脫某人的罪責、宣佈赦罪  [ab-(遠) + solv(loosen)]

absolu-tion    n.宣佈赦罪

ab-solut-e   adj.絕對的

----------------------------------------

 

dissolve        v.溶解

dissoluble    adj.可溶解的

dis-solut-e     adj.放蕩的

----------------------------------------

resolve          v.決定、  解決    (=solve)

resolvable     adj.      可解決的  (=solvable)

resolution       n.決心、  解決    (=solution)

 

resolute      adj.堅決的[determined]

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

dissolve

dis-solv-e

v.溶解

ex. Water dissolves salt.

 

v.解散 [to break up (ex.an assembly or organization); dismiss]

ex.They dissolved their marriage.
他們已解除婚約。

ex.Parliament dissolved.
議會解散了。

 

 

 

 

 

dissolute

dis-solut-e

adj.放蕩的;放縱的 [Lacking moral restraint; indulging in sensual pleasures or vices. ]

 

缺乏道德上的約束的,諸如放縱感官的享樂或是惡習等

 

 

 

 

dissonant

dis-son(sound)-ant

adj.不和諧的;刺耳的 [  out of harmony or harsh in sound]

 

"Tube is made dissonant and the shock"

 

 

 

 

 

dissuade

dis-suade(recommend, urge)

v.勸(某人)勿做某事 [To deter (a person) from a course of action or a purpose by persuasion or exhortation]

 

ex. 勸同事不要辭職 She dissuaded him from resigning.

ps.

persuade

v.勸服  [per-suade]

ex.She persuaded me into buying it.
她說服我買下了它。

 

 

 

 

 

distant

dis-st(stand)-ant

adj.遠離的

ex .The sun is distant from the earth.

adj.冷淡的,疏遠的 [ aloof; not familiar with]

ex. a distant greeting.

 

 

ps. distance n.距離

 

 



字根

tend  *tent     == stretch 拉長

tens                                         [tent常為tend接字尾的變化型]

 

 

 

distend

dis-tend(stretch)

v.膨脹 [To cause to expand by or as if by internal pressure; dilate.]

ex. Habitual overeating had distended his stomach.

 

 

 

distention

dis-tent(stretch)-ion

n.膨脹

 

 

 

 

distill

dis-still(小水滴 drip)

v. 蒸餾 [to subject to a process of vaporization and subsequent condensation, as for purification or concentration.]

ex. distill whiskey

v.抽出...的精華

 

distill:purity=leaven:volume
蒸餾增加純度=發酵增加體積

----------------------------------------

 

字根 stig    stinct   stimul   == prick 刺

sting

di-sting-uish   v.區別、辨認出、使顯出特色 [to mark off as different]
di-sting-uished   a.有區別的、出色的  [made conspicuous by excellence]
     
di-stinct   adj.有區別的 [distinguished as not being the same]
    adj.明顯的、清楚的 [clear to the senses or intellect; plain]
     
di-stinct-ion   n.區別
di-stinct-ive   adj.讓人可區分的 [Serving to identify]
    (Soldiers often have distinctive insignias(勛章) on their lapels(翻領).)

 

 

NOTE: Usage of distinct and distinctive

A thing is distinct if it is sharply distinguished from other things.

A property or attribute is distinctive if it enables us to distinguish one thing from another.

 

ex-(s)ting-uish   v.滅火 extinguish

 

 

ex-(s)tinct   adj.絕種的

 

stimulate   v.刺激、激勵

 

ps.

stimul == prick

simul == seem, like

不要搞錯了囉

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

distinct

dis-stinct(刺)

adj.有區別的 [distinguished as not being the same]

ex. His private and public lives are distinct.

adj.明顯的、清楚的 [clear to the senses or intellect; plain]

ex. There is a distinct possibility that she won't come.

 

 

 

distinctive

dis-stinct-ive

adj.有特色的

ex. Soldiers often have distinctive insignias(勛章) on their lapels(翻領).

 

 

 

distinction

dis-stinct-ion

n.特徵 [A distinguishing factor, attribute, or characteristic.]

n.區別 [ difference]

n.殊勛;榮譽  ex.a writer of distinction

 

 

distinguished

adj.有區別的、出色的  [made conspicuous by excellence]

ex. she is distinguished for her knowledge of economics.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    全站熱搜

    xination 發表在 痞客邦 留言(4) 人氣()