disciple 與 discipline 兩個字來源是一樣的

 

disciple

n.信徒;門徒 [a person who is a pupil or an adherent of the doctrines of another; follower]

  ex. a disciple of Freud.

  ex. disciple:follow  信徒追隨

 

 

 

 

 

discipline

dis-cip-line

n..紀律;風紀 [a system of rules of conduct or method of practice]

  ex. military discipline.

n. 修養 [ training to improve strength or self-control ]

n. 學科 [a branch of knowledge]

  ex. interdisciplinary adj.跨學科的

 

v.使有紀律 [develop (children's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control]

v.懲戒 [to punish or penalize in order to train and control; correct; chastise.]

 

discipline:

"order necessary for instruction."-->

"treatment that corrects or punishes"

Meaning "branch of instruction or education" is first recorded c.1386

 

 

 

 

 

 

disclaim

dis-claim

v.放棄;拒絕承認 [To deny or renounce any claim to or connection with] [formal]

  ex. she disclaimed the ownership of the car.

  ex. I disclaim any knowledge of this event= I don't know about this event.

  ex. I disclaim the responsibility for.. = I don't have responsibility for..

 

 

 

 

 

disclose

dis(not)-close

v.揭發;透露 [ reveal or uncover]

ex. to disclose a secret.

 

 

 

 

 

discography

disc(=disk)-o-graph(write)-y

n. 唱片分類目錄 [A comprehensive list of the recordings made by a particular performer or of a particular composer's works.]

n. 唱片分類學 [The study and cataloging of phonograph records.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

discombobulate & discombobulated

discombobulate

dis-com-bobul-ate

v.使混亂 [to confuse; upset; frustrate]

 ex. The speaker was completely discombobulated by the hecklers(激烈質問者).

 

 

discombobulate是來自美國腔,把discompose的改變後的唸法

 

 

 

discombobulated

adj.混亂的

 ex. discombobulated:order 混亂的沒有秩序

 

 

 

 

 

discomfit & discomfited &  discomfiture

discomfit

v.使為難,使狼狽 [to slightly embarrass, disconcert]

v.挫敗 [frustrate]

   ps. 穿剛買的新衣去見男朋友,但卻在他面前跌個狗吃屎--that discomfites you.

 

 

補充:

discomfit originally meant "to defeat, frustrate" and that its newer use meaning "to embarrass, disconcert" probably arose in part through confusion with discomfort.

discomfit 用於書寫

 

 

 

 

 

discomfited

adj.為難的,狼狽的,挫敗的

   ex. He will be particularly discomfited by the boss's dismissal of his plan.

   ps. discomfited:blush=contemptuous:sneer
   臉紅表現窘迫的=譏笑表現蔑視的

 

 

 

 

discomfiture

discomfit-ure

n.為難,狼狽,挫敗

 

 

 

discompose

dis-compose(使鎮靜)

v.使不安;使煩惱 [ to disturb the composure of]

 ex. 上課時突然教授說等等要小考--professor discomposes you.

 ex. The breeze discomposed the bouquet.

 

review

compose

v.作(詩,曲等)

v.構成 [to form by combining things, parts, or elements]

  ex. He composed his speech from many research notes.

v.使平靜,使鎮靜  [to bring (oneself, one's mind, etc.) to a condition of calmness]

  ex.manager composed their dispute.

 

c.f

de-compose   v.分解;腐爛

dis-compose   v.使不安;使煩惱

 

 

 

 

 

disconcert

dis-concert(音樂會; means 和諧)

v.使困窘 [cause to feel anxious, confused and embarrassment; discomit]

  ps.考試時拿出計算機,卻發現帶著是一個電視遙控器-- 這件事會 disconcerts you.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

discord

dis-cord(弦,心弦)

n.爭吵;意見不合 [lack of agreement among persons, groups]

 

看清楚:不要跟discard看混了唷

補充

These nouns refer to a state of disagreement and disharmony.

Discord is a lack of harmony often marked by bickering and antipathy: family discord.

Strife usually implies a struggle, often destructive, between rivals or factions: political strife.

Contentionsuggests a dispute in the form of heated debate or quarreling: lively contention among the candidates.

Dissension implies difference of opinion that disrupts unity within a group: rampant dissension among the staff.

Conflict suggests antagonism of ideas or interests that often results in hostility or divisiveness: conflict between smoking and nonsmoking factions.

 Variance usually suggests discrepancy or incompatibility: actions at variance with his principles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

discount

dis-count(數)

n/v.折扣

  ex. a special discount

n/v.不全相信;懷疑地看待

  ex. You must discount much of what he says.
  他說的好些話,你必須打個折扣聽。

  ps. discount <> surcharge  n.附加費

 

 

 

 

 

 

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