determine & determinant &  determination

determine

de-termin(boundary,end)-e

v.決定 [decide]

   ex. Demand determines supply.
  需求決定供給。

 

 

 

determinant

de-termin-ant

n.決定因素 [ a determining agent or factor.]

  ps.【數】行列式

 

 

 

 

determination

de-termin-ation

n.決心 [the quality of being determined to do or achieve something; firmness of purpose]

  ex. She has the determination to overcome all the obstacles to success.

 

 

 

 

 

detest   /dɪˋtɛst/

de(down;loathe)-test(from testis, witness)

v.厭惡,憎惡(程度強) [to feel abhorrence of; dislike intensely.]

  ex. She detests politicians.

  ex. No one much more detests eating apples than him. He incredibly loathes apples, and he will smash all the apples he see right away. (Apr. 2014 add)

 

ps.

testimony n.【律】證詞,證言

 

test v.測試

原本指的是個小pot,用來煮東西用的(L.testum)
後來變成做實驗之類的意思,因為可以放東西進去煮煮測試好不好吃

 

 

 

 

 

 

detonate & detonation

detonate

de-ton(thunder)-ate

v. 爆炸[to explode with suddenness and violence.]

   聯想:ton ~ tone 打雷的tone調調

 

 

 

detonation

de-ton(thunder)-ation

n.爆炸

 

 

 

 

 

detour

de-tour(n/v.旅行,巡視)

n.繞道 [ a roundabout or circuitous way or course, esp. one used temporarily when the main route is closed.]

v.繞道 [ go by way of a detour.]

  ex. On my way to the office I have to detour my familiar route since there is road construction going on. (Apr. 2014 add)

 

  ps. tour 來自於turn

  ex. detour:route=digress:topic   繞路而行偏離路線=偏題偏離主題

 

 

 

 

detraction

de-tract(draw)-ion

n.誹謗;貶抑 [the act of disparaging or belittling the reputation or worth of a person, work, etc.]

 

 

 

 

detritus    /dɪˋtraɪtəs/

de-trit(rub,wear)-us

n.岩屑;碎石 [ rock in small particles or other material worn or broken away from a mass, as by the action of water or glacial ice.]

( 碎落或磨損下來的小石 )

 

review

trite       adj.平庸的;陳腐的 [穿久的衣服被磨久了,久變成平庸的]

contrite  adj.悔罪的;痛悔的 [con-trite(to rub;摩擦)]

 

 

 

 

debris

n.殘骸;破瓦殘礫 [the remains of anything broken down or destroyed]

 

 

 

 

 

 

detriment & detrimental

detriment    /ˋdɛtrəmənt/

detri(=trit; rub, wear)-ment      [象徵impair]

n.傷害; 危害 [ Damage, harm, or loss]

  ex. smoking is now considered a detriment to good health.

  note: 聯想:de + trim(v.修剪) +ent  :把太監下面給剪掉→傷害

 

 

 

detrimental    /‚detrɪ'mentl/

detri(rub, wear)-ment-al

adj. 有害的 [ causing detriment; damaging; harmful.]

 

 

 

 

 

devastate

de-vast(ruin)-ate

v.使荒蕪;破壞 [cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly]

v.壓垮  [ overwhelm or overpower]

  ex. He was devastated by his grief when his son died"

 

聯想: de + vast(adj.巨大的) + ate

 

 

 

 

 

 

deviate & deviant & deviation

deviate

de(=dis)-vi(road)-ate

v.脫離;越軌 [To turn aside from a course or way.]

 

 

 

deviant

de-vi(road)-ant

adj.越軌的 [deviating or departing from the norm]

n.不正常者

 

 

 

 

 

 

deviation

de-vi-ation

n.脫離

n.誤差 ex. the deviation from the mean

 

 

 

 

 

devious

de-vi-ous

adj.迂迴的,彎曲的 [ circuitous; indirect]

  ex. a devious course.

adj.不光明正大的 [ not straightforward; crooked]

 ex. a devious scheme to acquire wealth.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
 

    全站熱搜

    xination 發表在 痞客邦 留言(2) 人氣()