deride

de-rid(laugh)-e

v.嘲笑 [to laugh at in scorn or contempt]

 

ps. ridiculous adj.可笑的,荒謬的

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**輕蔑、嘲笑系列 ex.別人失敗了,還笑人家是喪家犬

 

contempt      n.輕蔑

deride           v.輕蔑            [de-rid(笑)-e]

disdain       n/v.輕蔑、鄙視  [OF. desdeigner,des=dis, deigner "treat as worthy ]

 

despise       v. 輕蔑  [de-spis(=spec;look)-e]

disregard     v. 輕蔑  [dis-regard]

 

gibe       v.譏笑

jibe        v.譏笑、與一致

jeer        v.譏笑

 

 

mock     v.譏笑( 用模仿的方式)   [to ridicule by mimicry of action or speech.]

ridicule   v.譏笑

 

scorn   n/v.輕蔑、嘲笑

scoff      v.輕蔑、嘲笑

sneer      v.輕蔑、嘲笑  (用面部表情的方式) [ex.她以為是她是有多正..]
              [to smile, laugh, or contort the face in a manner that shows scorn or contempt]

spurn      v.一腳踢開、輕蔑地拒絕  [想成spur(馬刺) + no]

taunt      v.以一種諷刺、侮辱的譏笑
              [ says something about your weakness "to insult"  you , insulting]

 

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derive & derivation & derivative

derive

de-riv(river)-e

v. 得到 [To obtain or receive from a source.]

  ex. derive pleasure from success.

v.衍生出,導出 [ to receive or obtain from a source or origin]

v.起源 [ to come from a source or origin; originate]

  ex. This English word derives from French.
  這個英文字源於法語。

 

 

 

 

 

derivation

derive-ation

n.導出, 衍生 [The act or process of deriving.]

n.導出出來的東西

n.語言的辭源

 

 

 

 

 

 

derivative 

adj.非原始的;其次的 [ not original; secondary.]

n.衍生物 ex.f'(x)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dermatologist    /‚dɜːmə'tɒlədʒɪst/

dermat(=derma;skin)-ologist

n.皮膚學者;皮膚科醫生 [a specialist in dermatology, esp. a doctor who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the skin.]

 

ps.

epidermis n.表皮         [epi- == upon]

hypoderm n.皮下組織  [hypo- ==under  ] [hyper- == above]

 

 

 

 

 

 

derogate & derogatory

derogate

de-rog(ask)-ate

v.詆毀、貶低 [to detract, as from authority. (usually fol. by from).]

 

 

 

 

derogatory

adj.減損的;有傷品格的

  ex. derogatory comments

 

(reveiw 130 誹謗、貶低系列)

Usage:

These verbs mean to think, write, or speak of as being of little value or importance.

Decry implies open denunciation or condemnation: A staunch materialist, he decries economy.

Disparage often implies the communication of a low opinion by indirection: Many critics disparage psychoanalysis as being a pseudoscience.

To depreciate is to assign a lower than customary value to someone or something: Some musicologists depreciate Liszt's compositions.

Derogate implies a detraction that impairs: People often derogate what they don't understand.

Belittle and minimize mean to make less important, but minimize strongly implies the minimum level: He belittled the child's attempts to draw. She tried to minimize my accomplishment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

descend & descent

descend

de-scend(climb)

v.下來,下降 [ from a higher to a lower place; move or come down]

v.墮落

v.傳下來

  ex. The custom has descended to our day.
  這一習俗一直傳到今天。

v.為...的後裔 [to be inherited or transmitted, as through succeeding generations of a family:]

  ex. He is descended from Confucius.
  他是孔子的後裔。

 

  descend:altitude=dehydrate:moisture  
  降落高度=脫水降低潮濕

 

 

 

review

crescendo n.【音】漸次加強 // diminuendo n.【音】漸弱演奏

condescend v.屈尊

 

 

 

 

 

descent

n.下降;後裔

n.衰落;墮落

 

 

 

 

 

descendant

n.後裔

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

descry

v.遠遠地看到[ to see (something unclear or distant) by looking carefully]

 

[可能來自describe..各家說法不一]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

desecrate    /ˋdɛsɪˏkret/

de-secr(=sacr;holy)-ate

v.褻瀆(ex.神器, 國旗) [To violate the sacredness of]

 

 

 

 

 

 

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