v.嘲笑 [to laugh at in scorn or contempt]
deride v.輕蔑 [de-rid(笑)-e]
disdain n/v.輕蔑、鄙視 [OF. desdeigner，des=dis, deigner "treat as worthy ]
despise v. 輕蔑 [de-spis(=spec;look)-e]
disregard v. 輕蔑 [dis-regard]
mock v.譏笑( 用模仿的方式) [to ridicule by mimicry of action or speech.]
sneer v.輕蔑、嘲笑 (用面部表情的方式) [ex.她以為是她是有多正..]
[to smile, laugh, or contort the face in a manner that shows scorn or contempt]
spurn v.一腳踢開、輕蔑地拒絕 [想成spur(馬刺) + no]
derive & derivation & derivative
v. 得到 [To obtain or receive from a source.]
ex. derive pleasure from success.
v.衍生出,導出 [ to receive or obtain from a source or origin]
v.起源 [ to come from a source or origin; originate]
ex. This English word derives from French.
n.導出, 衍生 [The act or process of deriving.]
adj.非原始的;其次的 [ not original; secondary.]
n.皮膚學者;皮膚科醫生 [a specialist in dermatology, esp. a doctor who specializes in the treatment of diseases of the skin.]
epidermis n.表皮 [epi- == upon]
hypoderm n.皮下組織 [hypo- ==under ] [hyper- == above]
derogate & derogatory
v.詆毀、貶低 [to detract, as from authority. (usually fol. by from).]
ex. derogatory comments
(reveiw 130 誹謗、貶低系列)
These verbs mean to think, write, or speak of as being of little value or importance.
Decry implies open denunciation or condemnation: A staunch materialist, he decries economy.
Disparage often implies the communication of a low opinion by indirection: Many critics disparage psychoanalysis as being a pseudoscience.
To depreciate is to assign a lower than customary value to someone or something: Some musicologists depreciate Liszt's compositions.
Derogate implies a detraction that impairs: People often derogate what they don't understand.
Belittle and minimize mean to make less important, but minimize strongly implies the minimum level: He belittled the child's attempts to draw. She tried to minimize my accomplishment.
descend & descent
v.下來,下降 [ from a higher to a lower place; move or come down]
ex. The custom has descended to our day.
v.為...的後裔 [to be inherited or transmitted, as through succeeding generations of a family:]
ex. He is descended from Confucius.
crescendo n.【音】漸次加強 // diminuendo n.【音】漸弱演奏
v.遠遠地看到[ to see (something unclear or distant) by looking carefully]
v.褻瀆(ex.神器, 國旗) [To violate the sacredness of]