cynic

n.犬儒學派之徒 [a person who believes that only selfishness motivates human actions]

   ps. 犬儒學派之集會地點在Cynosarges,而Cynosarges又源於西臘字母(kunikos,犬)

   ps. cynic people主要是認為人所做的事,其最終的動機來源都是自私的為自己好,認為幫助別人,其實是為了達成自己的某種慾望。

 

Cynic

one of a sect of Greek philosophers, 4th century b.c., who advocated the doctrines that virtue is the only good, that the essence of virtue is self-control, and that surrender to any external influence is beneath human dignity.

希臘哲學學派之一,活動時期在西元前4世紀到西元6世紀,以其聚會地點Cynosarges得名。蘇格拉底的門徒安提西尼(Antisthenes)被認為是這一學派的創始人,錫諾普(Sinope)的戴奧吉尼斯(Diogenes)則是該派的典型。犬儒學派認為:貧窮、自足、禁慾的生活才是唯一的美德; 其與其他學派的區別,主要在於與眾不同的生活方式和態度,而不是其思想體系。該學派影響了斯多噶哲學的發展。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cypress

n.柏

  ps.Cypress branches used as a symbol of mourning. ( 柏樹枝象徵悲哀 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cytology

cyt(cell)-ology

n.【生】細胞學 [The branch of biology that deals with the formation, structure, and function of cells.]

ex.

cytoplasm n.【生】細胞質

plasm=plasma n.漿

 

 

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cryogenics  

cryo (icy cold)-genics

n.【物】低溫學

 

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histology

n.【生】組織學 [ the branch of biology dealing with the study of tissues.]

 

拆字+讀音:his他的 + to(頭) +logy -->他的頭是個組織

 

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dabble

v.用手、腳等嬉水

v.淺嚐 [to work at anything in an irregular or superficial manner]

  ex.to dabble in literature.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

daft

adj.愚笨的 [ stupid, or foolish.]

  ex.he has gone daft.

 

daft a.傻的    (有f的是fool)
dart n.飛鏢
  (傻蛋射飛鏢)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dagger

n.短劍,匕首

  ps. stab v.刺

 

dagger:scabbard=pistol:holster
匕首放在刀鞘中=手槍放在槍套中

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

daguerreotype    (dəˈɡɛrəʊˌtaɪp)

Daguerre(人名)-o-type

n.銀版照相法

 

Louis Jacques Mand Daguerre(法)是發明人。他利用碘化銀當成感光材料,並使用水銀蒸氣來顯影,以硫代硫酸鈉定影所呈現的影像相當清晰,而且得到的影像即為正像 由於基片是銀版,具有不可複製的特性

 

 

 

daguerreotype:photograph=musket:firearm
銀板照相是早期相片=毛瑟槍是早期槍炮

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dainty

n.美味,精美的食品

adj.輕巧的,精緻的 [of delicate beauty; exquisite]

  ex.a dainty handkerchief.

adj.(對食物等)過分講究的,愛挑剔的 [of delicate discrimination or taste; fastidious]

  ex.a dainty eater.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dally

v.輕率的(或並非認真地)對待

v.【舊】閒混

   ps. 讀音:大理,段譽在大理dally

   ps. dally:time=squander:money   浪費時間=浪費金錢

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

damp

v.使潮濕 [to make damp; moisten.]

a.潮濕的 [slightly wet; moist]  // dampen v.弄濕

 

v.抑制   [to check or retard the energy, action, etc] (阻尼運動)

  ex.A series of failures damped her enthusiasm.

v. Music. to check or retard the action of (a vibrating string)

 

 

 

 

 

damped

adj.減震的(用於聲音,彈簧振動之類)

 

 

 

 

 

dampen

v.弄濕 [to make damp; moisten]

 ex. to dampen a sponge.

v.抑制

 ex. to dampen one's spirits.

 

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**浸在水中、使濕透特輯

 

sop         v.浸泡    n.安慰劑

soak        v.浸泡    [想成soap肥皂+ k]

souse      v.浸在水中、使濕透 n.佐餐時淋在肉類或甜點上的醬汁

douse      v.浸入水中、熄滅 ( 燈、火等 )

drench     v.使濕透

 

quench     v.熄滅 ( 將燒熱的金屬伸入水中使冷卻 ) 、解渴

 

 

sopping     adj.濕透的

soaking     adj.濕透的

saturated   adj.濕透的、飽和的

soggy       adj.濕透的

sodden      adj.濕透的

 

 

damp          adj.潮濕的

humid         adj.潮濕的

muggy        adj.天氣悶熱而潮濕的

moistness      n.潮濕

 

<> 

arid adj.乾燥的

desiccant   n.乾燥劑

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dandy

n.好時髦的男子;花花公子 [a man who is excessively concerned about his clothes and appearance; a fop.]

 

wiki:

A dandyis a man who places particular importance upon physical appearance, refined language, and leisurely hobbies, pursued with the appearance of nonchalance in a cult of Self. Historically, especially in late 18th- and early 19th-century Britain, a dandy, who was self-made, often strove to imitate an aristocratic lifestyle despite coming from a middle-class background.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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