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字根    

string   --> strang     ==  draw tight 拉緊

strain

strict   

 

straight (特)      stress

strait               stretch

 

 

string     n.繩子

strain     v.拉緊    n.張力、壓力

strict   adj.嚴格的

 

 

constrain     v.強迫[to force, compel]、拘禁[to confine forcibly]

constrict     v.壓縮[To make smaller or narrower by squeezing.]

constringe  = constrict

 

 

 

*字根strain 特別指壓迫人

strain          n.壓力(壓迫人)

distrain        v.扣押財物

re-strain      v.抑制[to hold back from action; repress] ex. to restrain one's temper.

                  v.監禁[to deprive of liberty]

比較

re-strict    v.限制[put a limit on...]

                  (Speed is restricted to 30 mph in towns.)

 

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constrain & constrained & constraint

 

constrain

con-strain

v.強迫 [to force, compel] ex.He was constrained to admit the offense.

v.拘禁 [to confine forcibly] ex.Our research has been constrained by lack of cash.

 

constrained

adj.強迫的

adj.拘禁的

 

constraint

n.強迫、拘禁

ex. the constraint of military life.

 

 

constrict

v.壓縮[To make smaller or narrower by squeezing; compress.]

 

 

construct

v.建造,構成 to build

 ex. It took them two years to construct the bridge.

 

ps. construction n.建造物

 

 

construe

constru(build)-e

v.解釋 [ to give the meaning of sth; explain]

  ex. she construed my smile as assent.

v.翻譯(尤指口譯) [to translate, esp. orally.]

 

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