conflate

con-flat(blow)-e

v.合併 [to fuse into one entity]

  ex. many characters conflated into one

v.異文合併 [To combine (two variant texts) into one whole.]

  ex. inflate v.使充氣

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

conflict

con-flict(strike)

n/v.衝突

  ps. conflict <> jibe  v.使一致;嘲笑

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

conform & conformist & conformity

conform to

con-form(n.形狀)

v.遵照,遵守

   ex. One has to conform in order to succeed in this company.

 

 

 

 

 

conformist

n.遵奉習俗者 [a person who conforms to the usual practices or standards of a group, society, etc.]

n.英國國教徒

 

 

 

 

 

conformity

n.遵照,一致 [ action in accord with prevailing social standards, attitudes, practices, etc.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

confound

con-found(=fuse;pour注入) [共同注入就會使人混亂]

v.使混亂;使困惑

  ex. confused adj.困惑的

  字源:from L. confundere "to confuse," lit. "to pour

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

confront

con-front

v.  面對面;對抗[to face in hostility or defiance; oppose]

   (帶有挑舋性或敵對性的)

 

ex.

affront      n/v.公開侮辱;冒犯

effrontery    n.厚顏無恥 [barefaced audacity]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

congeal    /kənˋdʒil/

con-geal(freeze)

v.使凍結;使凝結 [to change from a soft or fluid state to a rigid or solid state, as by cooling or freezing]

  note. 像是我們把湯放進冰箱後,隔天就會發現上面浮了一層冰冷的油脂,那就是congealed fat. 或者類似做果凍(Jelly)的過程,也可以說是congeal.

  syn:clot, coagulate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

congenial

con-geni(=genius)-al

adj.意氣相投的;性格相同的 [suited or adapted in spirit, feeling, temper, etc]

   ex. a congenial companion 情投意合的伴侶.

 

congenial <> dour adj.不愛講話的;嚴厲的

 

dour adj.不愛講話的;嚴厲的
four  
  (便秘已經四天了臉色很dour)

 

 

 

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字辨

congenial  adj.意氣相投的  [suited or adapted in spirit, feeling, temper, etc]
congenital  adj.天生的(ex.病等)  [of or relating to a condition that is present at birth]
     (ex. a congenital heart defect)

       

                                             

其實這兩個字來源有點不同唷

congenial  -->  con +  geni[us]  (n.天才,引申成才能)  +  al

               --> 有共同才能的-->意氣相投的

 

congenital  -->  con  + gen (生)  +  i  +  tal -->生下來就有的-->先天的

                  (加強語氣)

 

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genius  n.天才
genial  adj.愉快的、脾氣好的 [天生的性情 or al 想成all, 對全部的人都好]
   (ex. a genial host. )

                                          

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gen == produce生

genuine  adj.真的            [天生的未經琢磨的]
ingenuous  adj.天真無邪的 [showing innocent or childlike simplicity and candidness]
ingenue  n.天真無邪的少女)【法】
   
   genius  n.天才
ingenious  adj.聰明的 ( 擁有創造性天才和想像力的 )
ingenuity  n.創造性能力

      

gen-i 跟聰明有關

genu  跟真的、天真無邪有關,除了in-genu-ity

 

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congest

con-gest(carry)

v.充塞 [to fill to excess; overcrowd]

   ex. The subway entrance was so congested

v.使充血 [To cause the accumulation of excessive blood or tissue fluid]

 

ex.

digest v.消化食物 [讓食物變小,到可以消化]

ingest v.攝取;吸收 [嘴吃東西,or經由消化過程吸收東西]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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