coagulate & coagulation & coagulant

coagulate

co-ag(=act)-u-late

v.使凝結 [to change from a fluid into a thickened mass; clot]

 

These verbs mean to change or be changed from a liquid into a thickened mass:  

egg white coagulating when heated;

blood clotting over the wound;

gravy(肉汁) congealing as it cools;

milk that had curdled

 

 

 

coagulation

co-ag(=act)-u-late

n.凝結;凝結物

 

 

 

 

coagulant

n.凝結劑;凝血劑 ( 引起液體或血液凝結的媒介 )

   ps. astringent:pucker=coagulant:congeal

  收縮劑使收縮=凝結劑使凝結(藥劑作用)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

coalesce

co-al(grow)-esc(become)-e

v.聯合 [to grow together or into one body]

   ex.The two lakes coalesced into one.

 

ex. alimentary tract

 

 

 

 

coalition

co-al(grow)-ition

n.聯盟  [人民、派別、政黨或國家的暫時聯合] a combination  esp. a temporary one between persons, factions, states, etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

coarse

adj.粗糙的 [composed of relatively large parts or particles]

adj.猥褻的 [=obscene]

 

"ordinary," probably adj. use of noun cours (see course), originally referring to rough cloth for ordinary wear. Developed a sense of "rude" c.1510 and "obscene"

 

 

 

 

coarsen

coarse-en

v.使變粗 to make or become coarse.

v.變粗魯

 

 

 

 

coax

v.哄騙

 

 

 

cob

n.玉米棒子

n.雄天鵝

 

----------------------------------------

動物特輯

 

swan         n.  天鵝

cob           n.雄天鵝  [原意是玉米棒]

pen           n.雌天鵝  [源於pen 鵝毛筆 ---> 雌天鵝]

cygnet       n.幼天鵝

 

 

 

gaggle     n.鵝群、一群多嘴的婦女

goose      n.雌鵝

gander     n.雄鵝、傻瓜

gosling     n.小鵝

 

鴨、鵝、天鵝

 

sheep       n.  羊

ram          n.公羊

ewe         n.母羊

 

wool      n.羊毛

fleece    n.(一次剪得的)羊毛 = wool  v.騙取 ( 錢或財物 )

shear     v.剪羊毛

shears    n.大剪刀

 

 

shepherd   n.牧羊者

crook          n.牧杖

 

 

 

mutton        n.羊肉

cornucopia    n.裝滿水果、花朵和穀物,象徵繁榮的羊角

 

 

matador   n.鬥牛士 bullfight

beef        n.牛肉 

cattle      n.牛群

bovine    adj.牛的

 

 

swine    n.豬[學名]

 

sow       n.大母豬 [saʊ]     v.播種、散播消息

farrow    n.一窩小豬    v.(母豬) 生產(一窩豬仔)  [遠遠一排都是小豬]

porcine      adj.似豬的

porcupine      n.豪豬

pork           n.豬肉

 

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

cobbler

n.補鞋匠 a person who mends shoes.

 

 

cobble     v.修補鞋子  //   cobbler   n.補鞋匠、製鞋匠

              n.鵝卵石  

 

 

 

 

 

cocoon

n.繭 ( 由蛾或其他昆蟲的幼蟲做成 )

 

 

 

 

 

 

coda

n.樂章結尾部 [the closing section of a musical composition]

   ps. epilogue:novel[play]=coda:symphony[sonata]
  後記是小說[戲劇]結尾=尾聲是交響樂[奏鳴曲]的結尾

 

 

----------------------------------------

序系列

 

preface     n.序言  [常用於book]

foreword    n.序言  [常用於book,特別指別人為作者寫的序言]

preamble    n.序言  [常用於statute、deed]

 

prologue    n.序言、開場白 [常用於speech、poem,亦可用於novel]

epilogue    n.尾聲、收場白

 

prelude       n.序幕、前奏曲 = overture [用於歌劇]

interlude     n.間奏曲

postlude     n.終曲

----------------------------------------

 

 

 

 

coddle

v.嬌養 nurse or tend indulgently

   ex. to coddle children when they're sick.

 

ps.

mollify v.減輕

mollycoddle  v.嬌生慣養

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    全站熱搜

    xination 發表在 痞客邦 留言(4) 人氣()