abandon

a(=ad;to)-bandon(power)  [to give to a public ban]

v.拋棄 [to leave completely and finally,to give up]

  ex. He abandons his idea.

n.放縱,放任

 

字源:1375, "to subjugate, subdue," from O.Fr. abandoner "surrender," from à "at, to" + bandon "power, jurisdiction," in phrase mettre à bandon "to give up to a public ban,"

 

abandon:inhibition=voluble:terseness
放縱:壓抑=囉嗦的:簡潔(反義)

 

 

 

abash

v.使害羞

  ex. He was abashed when he was on the stage.

  note: 中間有 ash "灰的"→灰頭土臉

  考古:embolden <> abash

 

 

 

 

 

abate

v.減少,減弱,減輕 [to reduce in amount, degree, intensity]

  ex.Nothing could abate his rage.


  字源: c.1270, from O.Fr. abattre "beat down," from L. ad "to" + battuere "to beat" (see batter (v.))

 

note:

baton n.警棒

abate:tax = alleviate:distress  減輕‧稅=減輕‧壓力(動作與其相關物件)

 

 

 

 

 

abbreviate

ab(=ad;to)-brev(=brief)-i-ate

v.縮寫,使省略 [to shorten (a word or phrase) by omitting letters, substituting shorter forms, etc.]

  ex.UFO is abbreviated from unidentified flying object.

v.縮短 [to reduce (anything) in length, duration, etc]

 

ps.

brief      a.簡略的,簡短的

brevity  n.簡潔

 

 

 

 

 

abdicate

ab(away)-dic(say)-ate

v.正式放棄(權力等);退位;辭職

  ex. King abdicated the throne in 1936.


  note: 字源:from ab- "away" + dicare "proclaim," from stem of dicere "to speak, to say"

  考古:abdicate <> usurp v. 篡位

 

 

 

 

aberrant

ab(away)-err(wander)-ant

adj.偏離正道的,脫離常軌的

adj.【生】畸變的;異常的

 

  字源:from Latin ab- + errare 'to wander'

  考古:aberrant <> normal 正常的

 

 

 

 

 

aberration

ab-err-ation

n.偏離正道, 脫離常軌

 

 

 

 

    全站熱搜

    xination 發表在 痞客邦 留言(50) 人氣()