v.責罵 [to forcefully or angrily tell someone they should not have done a particular thing and criticize them for having done it]
ex. The public upbraided a factory intentionally caused water pollution.
ex. Mrs. May passed up the opportunity to upbraid Mr. Trump. (New York Times Jul 13, 2018)
note: braid n.辮子
synonym: (verb) rebuke (p.394), reprimand( p.405), reprove (p.406), scold
v. [to improve the quality or usefulness of something, or to raise something or someone to a higher position or rank]
ex. Once in a while, we get messages asking us to upgrade service, such as upgrading from windows 7 to windows 10.
up-heave( to lift something heavy)-al
n.動亂 [A violent or sudden change or disruption to something]
ex. Some people are afraid of same-sex marriage will cause social upheaval, but the others consider it is an improvement to human right.
synonym: (n.) disturbance
v.支持 [Confirm or support (something which has been questioned)]
note: p.t. 與 p.p. 都是 upheld
synonym: (v.) endorse, sustain
ex.KMT chairman said he would uphold "1992 consensus".
ex. The effort is part of the United Kingdom's commitment to upholding OPCW's integrity overseeing a global ban under the Chemical Weapons Convention. (source)
adj. 挺直的 [(of a person) sitting or standing with the back straight.]
ex. As one of Dragon Boat Festival traditions, people would try to balance an egg and make it upright.
adj. 正直的 [Strictly honorable or honest.]
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up-roar( v.吼叫, 像獅子老虎)
n.喧囂 [ A loud and impassioned noise or disturbance. ]
ex. Education subsidy cut caused public uproar. Many students and professors gathered and demonstrated their anger.
adj. [extremely noisy and confused]
adj. [Provoking loud laughter; very funny]
synonym: (adj.) hilarious
Jeff Bezos (Amazon CEO) BEST laughs compilation
adv. [toward or at the rear of a theatrical stage]
v. 搶某人的戲 [ Divert attention from (someone) towards oneself]
synonym: surpass, outshine
ex. iPhone8 is totally upstaged by iPhone X during the release conference; people are so excited about the new 3D applications.
ex. We don't want the flower girls upstaging the bride.
n.向上擺動, 增加 [an increase or improvement]
synonym:(n.) growth, rise
ex. As there is an upswing of the ratio of senior citizens, the government starts the long-term care program.
adj.急迫的 [requiring immediate action or attention]
ex. We should plan the budget for the most urgent need.
v.侵佔 [Take (a position of power or importance) illegally or by force.]
ex. to usurp the throne.
ex. The businessmen usurp Aboriginal land rights and result in the overdevelopment of land.
字源： rp 是 rip 的簡化
n.高利貸 [The action or practice of lending money at unreasonably high rates of interest.]
Ex. A former legislator has been sentenced to four years in jails on usury, fraud, corruption ….
v.利用 [Make practical and effective use of]
ex. A research group found a better way to utilize hay to make waste hay into hay charcoal, instead of burning it.
utility(n. 效用)-arian (人)
adj. [Designed to be useful or practical rather than attractive.]
synonym:(a.) practical, functional
ex. Many early software programs were designed to be functional, i.e. utilitarian, and hence the most of them used command line instead of GUI interface.
PHILOSOPHY - Ethics: Utilitarianism, Part 1 [HD]