adj.肮髒的; 邋遢的 [very dirty and unpleasant (esp because of neglect or poverty)]
ex. The urban poor often lived and worked in squalid and dangerous conditions.
syn: dingy(p.148), filthy (p.202)
n. [the quality or state of being squalid]
ex. live in abject squalor.
n.暴風 [a sudden, violent gust of wind, often accompanied by rain, snow, or sleet.]
related word: blow, gust, windstorm
ex. The boat was hit by a squall north of the island.
note: If a person or animal squalls, they make a loud unpleasant noise like the noise made by a crying baby.
v. [to spend or use (money, time, etc.) extravagantly or wastefully]
ex. to squander time, chances.
|prodigal||a.浪費的 (p. 377)|
note: $QUANDER 是一種桌遊遊戲，1965年出版，它有點像大富翁的玩法，但是比的是誰先將錢花完，第一個破產的玩家就是winner.
etymology: Shakespeare used it 1593 in "Merchant of Venice" with a sense of "to be scattered over a wide area." Squander-bug, a British symbol of reckless extravagance and waste during war-time shortages,
v. [to press into a flat mass or pulp; crush]
ex. he squashed an orange by his hand. (爆橘神拳)
ex. There's room for one more in the car if you squash in.
note: 也指一種sport, or vegetable.
v.擠壓or搾 [press on sth from opposite sides or all sides]
ex. to squeeze a tube of toothpaste
ex. to squeeze money out of the poor...
v. [to crush completely; squash]
ex. President wants to squelch the argument and let government get funding and work.
note: scotch v. [to stop] (p.421)
ps 也可指『如腳從黏泥中拔出時，發吧唧聲或撲哧聲』這個動作 [to walk laboriously through soft wet material or with wet shoes, making a sucking noise]
etymology: squash + quell, quench
|quell||v.鎮壓 [ to stop, put sth an end]|
|quench||v.撲滅火焰等 [ extinguish (fire, flames, etc), esp with water]|
v. [looking or tending to look obliquely or askance (as with envy or disdain) ]
ex. The bright sunlight made me squint.
ex. He squinted his eyes and looked at the floor.
Drunk Squirrel Tries to Climb Tree
n.斷音; 斷奏 [music (of notes) short, clipped, and separate]
etymology: 1724, from It. staccato, lit. "detached, disconnected"
Paul Gilbert. Lesson 4. Staccato.
adj. [not flowing or running, as water, air, etc.]
ps. 像是在地下室，或者是穀倉中空氣不流通那種感覺, 你可以說 The air here is stagnant.
ex. Family incomes are stagnant , but tuition keeps going up.
adj. [marked by settled sedateness and often prim self-restraint]
note: staid在許久之前是 stay (v.) 的過去分詞，其實就有固定的意思，不久之後又長出了穩重嚴肅、莊重保守的相關字義。我們可以形容一個人 staid，那們他具有看起來很拘謹的模樣，有點像是叫早期的日本人，有著保守的意思。
etymology: 1540s, "fixed, permanent," adj. use of stayed, pp. of stay (v.). Meaning "sober, sedate" first recorded 1550s.
n.污點 [a discoloration produced by foreign matter having penetrated into or chemically reacted with a material]
ex. Sin is not seen as a stain on the soul, but rather a mistake that needs correction.
related word: spot, smudge, smear
v. [leave or make colored patches or dirty marks on sth]
ex. The juice stained their fingers.
ex. The incident stained his career
n.樁 [a stick or post pointed at one end for driving into the ground as a boundary mark, part of a fence, support for a plant, etc.]
ex. The game was usually played for high stakes between two large groups.
ps. at stake = being risked
ex. The 200 houses near the sea are at stakes when the hurricane comes.