v. [echo or resound repeatedly]

   ex. The roar of the train reverberated in the tunnel. 火車的轟隆聲在隧道裏回蕩.


ps.1 resound, resonance

ps.2 vertebrate n.脊椎動物 adj. 有椎骨的


Substance & Vainqueur - Reverberate








revere    /rɪˋvɪr/

v. [to show devoted deferential honor to , regard as worthy of great honor ]

  ex. Today he's still revered as the father of the nation.


ps.1 reverence

ps.2 venerate

 from venus (gen. veneris) "beauty, love, desire" (see Venus).









reverie    /ˋrɛvərɪ/

n. [the condition of being lost in thought]

  ps. Music. an instrumental composition of a vague and dreamy character.


etymology: rave的變形



 Claude Debussy, Reverie


 Clair de Lune (月光)









re-verse(to turn)  ex. diverse

v. [make (sth) the opposite of what it was; change around completely]

  ex. Their situations are now reversed as employee has become employer.

n. [thing that is the contrary or opposite to what is expected]

adj. [contrary or opposite to what is expected]


  ps. reverse layup, reverse parallel parking,



review p.330 for converse, inverse, and obverse









v. [ to come or go back (as to a former condition, period, or subject) ]

  ex. revert to smoking when under stress.

  ex. Reverting to your earlier question.


ps. invert 與 inverse也是一組的唷。







revile    /rɪˋvaɪl/


v. [If someone or something is reviled, people hate them intensely or show their hatred of them.]

  ex. He was just as feared and reviled as his tyrannical parents.


vile的字源: L. vilis "cheap, worthless, base, common," of unknown origin.








re-vise(to see)  ex. vision.

v. [to look over again in order to correct or improve]

  ex. to revise one's opinion.

  ex. to revise one's writing.











re-vital(live,life)-ize    ps. vitamin

v. [to give new life or vigor to . ]

  ex. revitalize industry, the economy, education, etc



ps. vital

 The heart performs a vital bodily function.

 The police perform a vital role in our society. 








v. [to return to consciousness or life , become active or flourishing again]

  ex. The flowers will revive in water.

  ex.Our failing hopes revived. 我們破滅的希望又重新燃起










v. [rise in rebellion (against authority)]

n. [act or state of rebelling or defying authority]

   ps. Syrian Revolt, Syrian civil war

   ps. 反抗殖民統治




reivew p.186


字根 volv  == roll 滾



revolution   n.革命  [再滾一次]

[特]revolt   v.起義、造反 (The people revolted against their ruler.)








from wiki: A revue is a type of multi-act popular theatrical entertainment that combines music, dance and sketches. The revue has its roots in 19th century American popular entertainment and melodrama but grew into a substantial cultural presence of its own during its golden years from 1916 to 1932

  ps. revue is an old fasion word. we call it variety show or variety entertainment today. (綜藝節目)










n. [A reward is something that you are given, for example because you have behaved well, worked hard, or provided a service to the community.]

  ex. He received a medal in reward for his bravery.

  ex. A $1000 reward has been offered for the return of the stolen painting.

  ex. The company is only just starting to reap the rewards of long-term investments.







adj. [providing personal satisfaction]






rhetoric    /ˋrɛtərɪk/

n. [ art of using language impressively or persuasively, esp in public speaking]

n. [elaborate language which is intended to impress but is often insincere, meaningless or exaggerated]


From wiki:

Its best known definition comes from Aristotle, who considers it a counterpart of both logic and politics, and calls it "the faculty of observing in any given case the available means of persuasion." .... Aristotle's three persuasive audience appeals, logos, pathos, and ethos.



 Rhetorical Devices









from wiki: Originally, rhinestones were rock crystals gathered from the river Rhine. The availability was greatly increased in the course the 18th century when the Alsatian jeweller Georg Friedrich Strass had the idea to imitate diamonds by coating the lower side of glass with metal powder. Hence, rhinestones are called strass in many European languages.


 Rhine, Germany: Castle-Studded Rhine River


How to Apply Swarovski Rhinestones iPhone Cell Phone Case





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