reportorial   (ˌrɛpɔːˈtɔːrɪəl)


adj.[記者的; 新聞報導式的]

  <> imaginative


 recipient of a Prize for Reportorial Distinction









repose    /rɪˋpoz/


v. [to lie at rest ]

  ex. The picture shows a nude reposing on a couch.

n. [a state of resting after exertion or strain especially : rest in sleep ]

  ex. Her face is sad in repose. 她在睡眠時臉上顯露出憂傷. 

  ex. win repose after months of suffering





p.s  recumbent and recline

( a reclining chair)













v. [to voice disapproval of; criticize or rebuke  ]


ps. 較少用到









adj. [deserving of reproof, rebuke, or censure; blameworthy.]

  ps. It is a strong word.

  ex. Prof. Wong said the violence by anti-government protestors was reprehensible. 

  ex. Sexual abuse is reprehensible.



  ps. 可review p. 100


字根 pris        ==  seize



reprehension :: an act or expression of criticism and censure.








reprisal    /rɪˋpraɪzl/


n.報複 [returning an injury, esp political or military, done to oneself; retaliation ]

  ex. When Germany bombed London during World War II, the British reprisals included the bombing of Berlin.









n. [In music, if there is a reprise, an earlier section of music is repeated. ]

v. [If someone reprises a role or a song, they play or sing it again.]


wiki:: In musical theatre, reprises are any repetition of an earlier song or theme, usually with changed lyrics to reflect the development of the story. Also, it is common for songs sung by the same character or regarding the same narrative motif to have similar tunes and lyrics, or incorporate similar tunes and lyrics. For example, in the stage version of Les Misérables, a song of the primary antagonist ("Javert's Suicide") is similar in lyrics and exactly the same in tune to a soliloquy of the protagonist when he was in a similar emotional state ("What Have I Done?").



ps. refrain

n. [ lines of a song or poem which are repeated]











reprieve    /rɪˋpriv/

re-prieve(=prise; take, seize)

v. [give temporary relief from danger, trouble]

  ex. The tree that was due to be cut down has been reprieved for six months. 原定砍伐的那棵樹已經推遲六個月再砍.

ex. While the current weather gives the north regions a bit of a reprieve, tomorrow a brutal temperature drop, around 60 degree in a single day, will reach a history record in New York.(當名詞的用法) ( 2014補,北美20年最冷)

v. [postpone or cancel a punishment for (sb), esp the death sentence ]

  ps. Meaning "to suspend an impending execution" is recorded from 1596. Sense evolved because being sent back to prison was the alternative to being executed.


Ani DiFranco

Ani DiFranco (pborn on September 23, 1970) is an American singer, guitarist, poet, and songwriter. She has released more than 20 albums, and is widely considered a feminist icon.

Reprieve is the fifteenth studio album by singer-songwriter Ani DiFranco, released on August 8, 2006.


Ani DiFranco "Reprieve" (poem)












v. [ restrain or suppress (an impulse); check ]

  ex. repress a sneeze, smile, cough 

  ex. All protest is brutally repressed by the regime.

  ex. sexual repression 性慾的壓抑.



 Repression and Suppression in psychology




express  v.表達 adj. 急速的
depress  v.沮喪  (p.140)
oppress  v.壓迫, 壓抑 (p.333)
repress  v.壓迫, 壓抑
suppress  v.壓迫, 壓抑
impress  v.使有印象


ps. oppress vs. suppress, repress


oppress 比較用於政治那類的(treat cruelly)

suppress 也可以用於政治(stop it to develop),但他的範圍更廣,比方說壓制情緒、媒體資訊、活動,甚至你身體的某個器官停止運作了也就叫suppressed.

repress 也可以用於政治(指自由被限制了),比較多的情況是當作壓制情緒、壓制嘆息








adj. [subjected to or marked by repression ]










reprimand    /ˋrɛprəˏmænd/

re-prim(to express)-and

v. [If someone is reprimanded, they are spoken to angrily or seriously for doing something wrong, usually by a person in authority. ]

  ps. it can be a noun also.

  ex. He has been fined five thousand pounds and given a severe reprimand.









 admonish     v.警告; 告誡 
 caveat    n.警告 [想成cave + eat:在洞穴中吃東西而被警告]
chide   v.To scold mildly so as to correct or improve
reprove   v.=admonish; to criticize or correct, esp. gently
reproach   n/v.=admonish;  a mild rebuke or criticism;
blame   v.責備
condemn   v.責備 (但有偏向重的責備)
berate   v.To rebuke or scold angrily and at length
castigate   v.責備 (但有偏向重的責備)
censure express strong disapproval or harsh criticism
lambaste reprimand or berate harshly; censure
rebuke   v.censure severely or angrily
reprimand   v.a severe reproof or rebuke,   esp. a formal one by a person in authority.
upbraid   v.reproach severely; censure
scold reprimand or criticize harshly and usually angrily.
vituperate use or address with harsh or abusive language;謾罵








v. [Reproach means to mildly criticize. If you show poor manners at your grandmother's dinner table, she will reproach you. ]

  ps. reproach also can be a noun.







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