Oh Gosh! 變成Dr. 了, 8/1 開始PostDoc 工作。
別寄SOP過來了阿...真的沒時間改

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prospect    (ˈprɒspɛkt)

pro(forth)-spect(=spec; look) 

n.成功的機會; 前景 [a probability or chance for future success]

  ex. the prospects for this year's wine harvest are excellent.

  ex. The prospects of the car industry are brightening.

 

n.景色 [a view or scene, esp one offering an extended outlook]

  ex. a magnificent prospect of mountain peaks and lakes.

  ex. The prospect from the balcony was breathtaking.

v. [search for minerals, gold, oil, etc]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prospective

adj.預期的 [expected to be or to occur]

  ex. Prospective students

  ex. the prospective changes in the law

c.f. perspective  (p.354)

n. 透視法

n. [a way of regarding situations, facts, etc,]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prosperous    (ˈprɒspərəs)

pro-sper(hope)-ous

adj.成功的, 興旺的, 繁榮的 [marked by success or economic well-being]

  ex. a prosperous country, businessman, industry.

   ps. golden, flourishing, and thriving

 

ps. desperate   (p.142)

de-sper(hope)-ate

adj.絕望的 [Having lost all hope; despairing.]

adj.感到絕望而不顧一切的 [Reckless or violent because of despair]

  ex. a desperate criminal.

  ps. Desperate Housewives 《慾望師奶》 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prosperity

pro-sper(hope)-ity

n. 興旺, 繁榮 [state of being successful or rich]

  ex. The increase in the country's prosperity was due to the discovery of oil.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prostrate   /ˋprɑstret/

adj. [stretched out with face on the ground in adoration or submission]

  ex. The prisoners were forced to lie prostrate.

adj. [ completely overcome and lacking vitality, will, or power to rise ]

  ps. orz...

  ex. She was prostrate with grief after his death.

  ex. The country, prostrate after years of war, began slowly to recover.

 

ps. 也有當動詞的用法

ps. prone and supine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protagonist

prot(=protos; first)-agon(act;動、打)-ist

n.主角 [the principal character in a literary work (as a drama or story)]

n.領導者 [leader or advocate of a cause]

 

 

在希臘的戲劇中protagonist是指leading actor主角,

prot=proto-(主要,第一) + agon(動、打) +ist -->主角

而後來變成社會運動的提倡者,ex.女權運動

 

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antagonist

而主角的敵手稱ant-agon-ist

anti-agon-ist

n.敵手、對手 (p.17)  

 

 

常見的衍生字有

agony n.極度痛苦 

antagonism n.敵意 [hostility]  

 

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protean    /ˋprotɪən/

adj.變化無常的 [of or resembling Proteus in having a varied nature or ability to assume different forms]

 

 

源於︰Proteus ,一個能任意改變自己外形的海神

 Proteus:海神Poseidon 的兒子,善於變身之術,能知過去未來。

 

Proteus在埃及附近的一個海島上為其父Poseidon 放牧海豹。

Proteus能預見未來,能變出各種形狀,但如果你抓住他不放,等到他恢復原形時,他便會回答你向他提出的問題。這裡的關鍵是Proteus所具有的各異的形狀。

 

 

海神Poseidon

他是Zeus(宙斯)的哥哥,地位僅次於宙斯。他的羅馬名字是Neptune,九大行星中的海王星。

他與宙斯一同戰勝了父親Cronus(克洛斯)之後,一同分割世界,他負責掌管海洋,以三戟主宰水域,在水上擁有無上的權威,是大地的動搖者。他能呼喚或平息暴風雨,輕易地令任何船隻粉碎。

Poseidon曾經與Athena雅典娜爭奪雅典,可惜最後還是敗給雅典娜。一怒之下,他曾經用洪水淹沒雅典。在爭奪雅典時,他變出第一匹馬,所以他也是馬匹的保護神。

 

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prototype

proto(first)-type

n.原型 [an original model on which something is patterned]

  ex. a prototype supersonic aircraft

  ps. a google self-drive prototype car.

  ps. archetype  arche(主要的)-type(p.35)

 

ps. C++ 的function

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protocol

n.外交禮節 [system of rules governing formal occasions, eg meetings between governments, diplomats, etc; official etiquette]

  ex. The delegates have to be seated according to protocol. 代表們須按禮儀要求就座

 

字源:from M.L. protocollum "draft," lit. "the first sheet of a volume" (on which contents and errata were written), from Gk. protokollon "first sheet glued onto a manuscript," from protos "first" + kolla "glue."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protest

pro-test(witness)

n. [a solemn declaration of opinion and usually of dissent]

v. [express strong disagreement or disapproval about]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protract

v. [make (sth) last a long time or longer; lengthen or prolong(p.379)]

  ex. Let's not protract the debate any further. 我們不要再繼續爭論下去

  ex. to protract delays, discussions, questioning

 

字源: from L.L. protractionem "a drawing out or lengthening," from pp. stem of protrahere, from pro- "forward" + trahere "to draw".

Etymologically identical with portray, which was altered in French.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protuberance

pro-tuber(swelling)-ance  (ps. 我們在p.126有稍微談過唷)

n. [A protuberance is a rounded part that sticks out from the surface of something.]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protuberant

pro-tuber(swelling)-ant

adj. [bulging out beyond the surrounding surface; protruding]

  ex. protuberant eyes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
  

 

 

 

 

 

 

xination 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(2) 人氣()


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  • 路人甲
  • ya才剛上線就有新的 ,真的要先支持一下再看
    感覺倫大教的都比我們這些學生還用功

    說真的TED的演講都滿精采的,又可以學到一堆稀奇古怪的英文,還不錯
  • 謝謝你的支持~~

    xination 於 2011/08/15 11:32 回覆

  • 托福聽力滿分
  • 補充一組字義的比較~

    protean 指外表行為舉止上的多變
    capricious 用在內心想法或決定的多變
  • 謝謝你的補充~

    xination 於 2011/08/20 22:37 回覆

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