Even among the staid, unemotional denominations of the 1830s and 1840s,

the renewal of religious fervor and the necessity of competing with more ___

clerics inevitably led to a greater ___ ministerial showmanship.

A charismatic…cultivation of
B reserved…attraction to
C well-known…disdain for
D conservative…appeal for
E empathetic…distrust of

 

 

 

step1 文法結構

Even among the staid, unemotional denominations of the 1830s and 1840s,

the renewal of religious fervor and the necessity of competing with more ___

clerics inevitably
led to a greater ___ ministerial showmanship.

 

簡單的來看,就是

among引導的介係詞子句, SVO.

主詞s 為 the renewal 與 the necessity

動詞v 為 lead

補語o 為 to a greater ...

 

 

 

 


 

 

step2 大概的意思

我們看到denomination時,要注意它有需多種意思,

像是被提名人,或貨幣的面額,還有宗教派別(religious group),

由後文的religious知道:denomination應該是指religious group。

 

staid你看不懂沒有關係,看它後面的unemotional,就可以知道大概的意思:

If you say that someone or something is staid, you mean that they are serious, dull, and rather old-fashioned.

 

showmanship從字面上就可以猜出大概的意思:應該與show off等等之類的有關連。

Showmanship is a person's skill at performing or presenting things in an entertaining and dramatic way.

 

即使是在1830~1840時代,在古板保守的宗教派別之中,

革新的宗教熱情和與更多_adj_神職人員競爭,

無可避免的,導向了 a greater _verb prep.__ ministerial showmanship.

 


 

 


Even among the staid, unemotional denominations of the 1830s and 1840s,

the renewal of religious fervor and the necessity of competing with more ___

clerics inevitably led to a greater ___ ministerial showmanship.

 

step3 作基本的分析

hint 1: even 代表有轉折語氣,(你可以想像even子句與主要子句間有個however)

          也就是說,even領導的子句"",其結果會跟預期的不一樣;

          religious group保守, 不過 革新等等的卻不保守

 

hint 2 : showmanship

           可以預期到跟表演有關,or說很多話。

 

 


 

step4 帶入選項看看

Even among the staid, unemotional denominations of the 1830s and 1840s,

the renewal of religious fervor and the necessity of competing with more ___

clerics inevitably led to a greater ___ ministerial showmanship.

A) charismatic…cultivation of
B) reserved…attraction to
C) well-known…disdain for
D) conservative…appeal for
E) empathetic…distrust of

 

這題很簡單,不用每個都帶入

B) reserved
D) conservative

我們要得是不保守,是故刪掉

 

E) empathetic

言不及義,但我們保留,若出現更好得選項時,再把它丟掉。

 

只剩

A) charismatic…cultivation of

C) well-known…disdain for

 

由showmanship就知道要選A了,因為領袖氣質正好與showmanship相關。

若不放心,我們再比較第二格

 

A)

led to a greater cultivation of ministerial showmanship.

 

C)

led to a greater disdain for ministerial showmanship.

"disdain for xxx"

是瞧不起的xxx的意思

很顯然意思不通順。

 

 


 

 

Step 5  decision

我選(A)

 

 

 

 

 

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