adj.(ex.像是指兒童)在某方面早熟的, 較早具備某種能力的 [exhibiting mature qualities at an unusually early age]
ex. a precocious child who could play the piano at the age of three.
字源：from præ- "before" + coquere "to ripen," lit. "to cook". Originally of flowers or fruits
n. [one that precedes and indicates the approach of another; A precursor of something is a similar thing that happened or existed before it, often something which led to the existence or development of that thing. ]
ex. small disturbances that were precursors of the revolution to come
n.（職務或職位的）前任者 [one that precedes especially : a person who has previously occupied a position or office to which another has succeeded]
n.捕食其他動物的動物; 食肉動物 [one that preys, destroys, or devours ]
字源：1922, from L. praedator "plunderer". Originally (1840) used of insects that ate other insects.
predestine (priːˈdɛstɪn )
v.命中注定 [decide or determine sth (as if) by fate ]
ex. It seemed that his failure was predestined.
ps. destiny n.命運
n. [ difficult or unpleasant situation, esp one in which sb is uncertain what to do; an unpleasant state of being]
ex. Your refusal puts me in an awkward predicament. 你一拒絕讓我感到十分為難.
ps. predict n.預言
n. [an established preference for something( implies a strong liking deriving from one's temperament or experience ) ]
ex. a predilection for Japanese food 對日本食物的偏愛.
字源：from French prédilection, from Medieval Latin praedīligere to prefer, from Latin prae before + dīligere to love
pre-disposition (review p.155)
n. 性向; 癖性; 易患某病之身心素質 [state of mind or body that makes sb liable to act in a certain way or to suffer from a certain disease]
ex. a predisposition towards melancholia
v. [have control, power or influence(over sb/sth)]
ex. A smallgroup has begun to predominate in policy-making.
v. [be superior in numbers, strength, etc]
ex. a colour scheme in which red predominates
adj. [having more power or influence than others]
ex. the predominant member